THE IMPACT OF AUDITING IN ENHANCING BUSINESS SURVIVAL (A CASE STUDY OF GTBANK AND UBA, KATSINA STATE)

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ABSTRACT
This research examines the impact of auditing in enhancing business survival, a case study of guaranteed trust bank (GTBank) and united bank for Africa (UBA), katsina state.
The work is aimed at determining the aims, objective, and achievement of auditing and how auditing through a well planned work of an auditor can have impact in the development of business and its profitability.

It was also highlighted that auditors who confronted with some problems should demonstrate adequate skill, care and independent as to prove business development, survival and corporate accountability and by so doing will propel the enhancement in business and other sectors of the economy.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page
Abstract
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.0     Introduction
1.1.    Background of the study
1.2.    Statement of problem
1.3.    Objective of the study
1.4.    Significance of the study
1.5.    Research hypotheses and question
1.6     Scope and limitation of the study
1.7     Definition of terms
Summary

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0     Introduction
2.1    Conceptual framework of auditing
2.2    Theoretical framework
  2.2.1 Theories of auditing
  2.2.2 Limp erg’s theory of inspired confidence
  2.2.3 The information theory
  2.2.4 The insurance theory
2.3    Brief history of auditing
  2.3.1 The growth and development of auditing in Nigeria
  2.3.2 The need for auditing
2.4    Definition of auditing
2.5 Types of auditing
2.6 Objective of auditing
2.7 Scope of auditing
2.8    Basic principle auditing
2.9    Appointment and removal of an auditor
  2.9.1 Appointment of an auditor
  2.9.2 Resignation and removal of auditor
2.10     Legal requirement, rights and duties of an auditor
  2.10.1 Legal requirement
  2.10.2 Duties and power of auditor
  2.10.3 Rights of an auditors
2.11 Professional requirement/ethics of auditor
2.12 Auditors liabilities for negligence
2.13     Importance of auditors to business
2.14   Engagement letter
  2.14.1 Purpose of the letter
  2.14.2 Issuing and revising engagement letter
2.15   History of UBA and GTBANK plc
  2.15.1 History of UBA plc
  2.15.2 History of GTBank plc
Summary

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1     Introduction
3.2    Research design
3.3    Determination of sample size
3.4     Population of the study
  3.4.1 Sample of study/techniques 
3.5     Method of collection
3.6    Method of data analysis
  3.6.1 Primary data
  3.6.2 Secondary data
Summary

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1      Introduction
4.2       Data presentation, analysis and interpretation
  4.2.1 Data presentation, analysis and interpretation base on research question
  4.2.2 Data presentation, analysis and interpretation base on research hypothesis
Summary

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1    Summary
5.2    Conclusion
5.3    Recommendation
         Bibliography
         Appendix


CHAPTER ONE

 1.0   INTRODUCTION
 This research work is on the impact of auditing in enhancing business survival: A case study of    guaranteed trust bank (GTBank) and united bank for Africa (UBA).
 Auditing has been the backbone of the complicated business world and has always changed with times. As the business world grew strong horizontally and vertically, auditors’ role becomes more complex and challenging. The auditors’ job becomes more difficult and complicating as the accounting principles and standards changes. Organizations application of internal control software and use of internal controls specialists, which introduces the need for testing, makes audit assignments fairly easy and reduces the scope covered as reliance is placed by the auditor on the works done by the internal control specialists. Scandals and stock market crashes, failure of some financial institutions and sudden failures of many companies highlighted to the auditors the deficiencies in auditing and loopholes in audit work. This also led to several innovations which made the auditors and the auditing community to quickly review their operations and fix the anomalies.
The practice of auditing existed even in the Vedic period. Historical records show that Egyptians, Greeks and Roman used to get this public account scrutinized by and independent official. Kautaly in his book “arthshastra” has stated that “all undertakings depend on finance; hence foremost attention should be paid to the treasury”.
Auditing as it exists today can be associated with the emerging of Joint Stock Company during the industrial revolution.
  Historically the word “audit” was derived from the Latin word “audire”, meaning “to hear”. The practice of auditing has existed since the primitive days when men were required to account for their transactions. This was developed from the concept of stewardship, where by productive resources were supplied by person or group of persons. These providers of funds would in turn require the stewards of the business to give an account of stewardship accordingly at the end of a particular period of how the resources given to them were been expected.
   The practice of stewardship can be linked to present day limited liability companies, which are owned by shareholders, who provide the finance for running the business and managed by directors appointed by them.

“Auditing as we understand now has its root two or three hundred years ago in the first division of interest between those engaged in a business undertaking (the entrepreneurs) and those who made the finance available without necessary becoming directing involved in the day to day management.


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