LOCAL GOVERNMENT AUTONOMY AND GRASS ROOT DEVELOPMENT (A CASE OF NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF ENUGU STATE)

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ABSTRACT
Local government  Autonomy and grass root development ( A case of Nsukka Local government of Enugu state). The purpose of the study is to determine how local government autonomy has affected grass root development in Nsukka Local government Area of Enugu State. A total population of seven hundred and fifth staff working at Nsukka Local government was chosen for the study. The sample for the study was 213 staff using yaro yamani method. Three (3) research questions were formulated to guide the study. Data analysis was done using simple percentage. The major findings of the study were: Nsukka Local government lacks political autonomy as the State government interferes in their bye-law and policy making process, the Local government is not been financed properly and even when financed the State will hinder such by interfering through the State joint Local government Account, administratively, the state determine, discipline, recruit, promote etc the Local government staff and thereby denying administrative autonomy over their personnel. Despite these problems, it was recommended that: Nsukka Local government should have control over it’s finance, their personnel should be appointed, recruited, promoted, discipline by themselves. They should equally make their bye-law and other policy making themselves so as to boost it’s autonomy.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page
Abstract
Table of contents
CHAPTER ONE:
INTRODUCTION
1.0     Background of the study
1.1            Statement of problem
1.2            Purpose of the study
1.3            Research Question
1.4            Statement Hypothesis
1.5            Theoretical frame work
1.6            Significance of the study
1.7            Scope of the study
1.8            Limitation of the study
1.9            Definition of  terms

CHAPTER TWO:
Review Literature
2.1            Introduction
2.2            Indices for measuring Local Government autonomy
2.3            The quest for Local Government autonomy and 1976 Local Government reform
2.4            Gras root development
2.5            Challenges to full Local Government autonomy
2.6            Summary of the literature Review

CHAPTER  THREE:
RESEARCH DESING AND METHODOLOGY
3.0     Design of the study
3.1     Area of the study
3.2     Population of the study
3.3     Sample size / sampling techniques
3.4     Instrument  for data collection
3.5     Reliability of  the instruments
3.6     Validity of the instruments
3.7     Distribution and Retrieval of the instrument
3.8     Method of  data Analysis
CHAPTER FOUR:
4.0     DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1     Data Presentation and Analysis
4.2     Analysis of research question
4.3     Testing of Hypothesis
4.4     Interpretation of results
CHAPTER  FIVE:
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS / CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1            Summary of Findings
5.2            Conclusion
5.3            Recommendation
References
Appendix A

Questionnaires 


CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION

1.0            BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

The struggle for Local Government Autonomy in Nigeria has been a recurring issue. It is as old as the history of Nigeria colonial state. Local government Administration practiced anywhere in the world is largely dependent on the historical, geographical, political and economic life of the citizens. Nigeria with a long history of slavery. Colonization, as well as military and civilian administration which have to a large extent determined the system of local government Administration up till date. This work intend accessing the various reforms or ordinance that the local government system in Nigeria has witnessed since 1914 during the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern protectorate by Fredrick Lord Laggard.
The Local Government during this period of 1914 is based on the Native Authority system whereby indirect rule and exploitation was the order of the day. According to Ogunna (1996), Native Authority is the traditional political authority at the Local Level which formed part of the machinery of British colonial government charged with the responsibilities of maintaining law and order. Based on the Native Authority ordinance of 1916, a unified Local Government System was established in the Northern part because of their Emirate system of Administration practice before the colonial Administration. This Native Authority was later extended to the East and South with varying degree of success. This native Authority did not satisfy the needs and aspiration of the local people and it arouse agitation from the rural citizens especially from the educated elites in the southern Nigeria craving or desiring for a greater participation in their own affair.

The Native Authority Ordinance failed because it has no autonomy to meet up with the demands of the citizen and as a result, the first Local Government reform was ushered in. Thus after the second World War in 1945, the colonial policies on Local Government changed coupled with the demands for greater participation and this led to the adoption of the representative or liberal democratic system of Local Government in the 1950s.


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