A HISTORY OF KADUNA STATE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT, 1987 – 2000

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ABSTRACT

This study has examined the history of Kaduna State Agricultural Development Project (KADP) in Kaduna State. The study found out that the activities of KADP have impact on lives of the Kaduna State indigenous farmers who were known to be traditional farmers. They heavily relied on subsistence farming for a couple of centuries. However, the emergence of the KADP in 1987 brought more agricultural changes in their lives as it introduced new agricultural programmes that improved the harvest yields in the area. More interestingly by the year 2000, the KADP programmes have improved the standard of living as well as general socio-economic activities of the agrarian communities in Kaduna State.However, this development was mainly achieved due to the involvement of other agricultural-based governmental and non-governmental organisations like The Federal Government of Nigeria, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in Zaria, Institute of Agricultural Research and West African Agricultural Productivity Programme among others.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ABBREVIATIONS
LIST OF MAP
LIST OF TABLE
ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE
GENERAL BACKGROUND
1.1       Background of the study
1.2       Statement of the problem
1.3       Significance of the study
1.4       Aim and objectives
1.5       Scope and limitation
1.6       Conceptual clarification
1.7       Research methodology
1.8       Literature review
1.9       Conclusion
Endnotes

CHAPTER TWO
LAND AND PEOPLE OF KADUNA STATE
2.0 Introduction
2.1 Geographical location of Kaduna State
2.2 The early people of Kaduna State
2.3 The traditional political system of the people of Kaduna State
2.4 The socio – economic system of the people of Kaduna State
2.4.1 Farming
2.4.2 Livestock production
2.4.3 Fishing and hunting
2.4.4 Trade
2.5. Conclusion
Endnotes

CHAPTER THREE
THE INTRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF KADUNA STATE AGRICULTURAL   DEVELOPOMENT PROJECT (KADP)
3.0 Introduction
3.1 Historical background of KADP
3.1.1 Agricultural development project executive committee
3.1.2 Agricultural development project management unit
3.2 Role of agencies in promoting agricultural development in Kaduna State
3.3 Introduction of various agricultural programs in Kaduna State by KADP
3.3.1 National food and security program
3.3.2 National fadama program
3.3.3 Community based agricultural development program
3.3.4 Construction of feeder roads and other infrastructures by KADP on the rural economy
3.4 Conclusion
Endnotes

CHAPTER FOUR
IMPACT OF THE KADUNA STATE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPOMENT PROJECT
4.0 Introduction
4.1 General impact of KADP on the people of Kaduna State
4.1.1 Change on labour
4.1.2 Income (capital) transformation
4.1.3 Change in the housing pattern
4.1.4 Change in purchasing patterns
4.1.5 Expansion of markets
4.1.6 Impact of feeder roads and other infrastructure on the rural economy
4.1.7 Rise of the KADP fadama program
4.2 Conclusion
Endnotes

CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY & CONCLUSION
5.1 Summary
5.2 General conclusion
5.3 Bibliography
List of informants
Archival materials
Secondary sources
Published materials
Unpublished materials


CHAPTER ONE
GENERAL BACKROUND
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
            Without any doubt, agriculture is one of the necessities for the growth and development of any particular country. This is because agriculture has some links with other sectors like the industrial sector and also peoples economic growth and development. However, agriculture involves the cultivation of land, raising and rearing of animals for the purpose of food for man, feed for animals and raw materials for industries. Agriculture involves cropping, livestock, forestry and fishing, processing and marketing of these agricultural products. Broadly, agriculture can be classified as crop production, livestock, forestry and fishing. Thus, the importance of agriculture in society goes beyond it being a source of food and raw materials for industries to provision of job opportunities and a source of foreign exchange. However, agricultural extension was ascribed by the colonial government as one of the important activities for economic take off in Nigeria.
Agriculture is the mostly widespread activity, it serves as a means of livelihood for more than quarter of mankind, raw material for factories, which human beings depend upon and for feeding the agro allied industries. The surplus is sold to purchase other necessities of life such as clothes, can food, electric cookers, stoves, refrigerator, cables, satellite, television sets and radio sets among others. Many industries will shut down without agriculture. Despite the work of science and technology, the world is a dead place without food.1
Agricultural development through the adoption of new farm input, technological knowhow, rural roads facilities. Rural electrification enhances increase in food production, provide employment, obviate rural urban drift as well as improve standard of living of the rural populace and social status. Government strategies to increase farm income of the rural farmers is designed in such a way that farmers input are scientifically and technologically improved to bring about greater output. Before the 1960s, Nigeria former regional governments namely the North, West, East, and Mid­-west, undertook different policies and specialization method of producing different crops within their territorial bound. This has shown that before the advent of the “oil boom”, the major foreign exchange earner for Nigeria was the sale of agricultural products such as cocoa, groundnut, cotton, coffee, rubber, palm oil and soya beans. But it was reported that even though the Federal Government currently derives most of its foreign exchange from petroleum, the earnings from agricultural export could still be much higher if appropriate and sustained policies are applied to the sector.2
In Nigeria, the year 1960-68 marked the period of agricultural development, to accelerate food production, generate foreign exchange and increase country’s balance of trade in the international market, projects were empowered to distribute seed, establishing cooperative farmers association and plantation units, provides extension farm centre, introduce modern farming techniques, industries for processing agricultural produce such as cotton, groundnut, maize, and palm oil. The second period of agricultural was between the years 1970-1980, was a period of prosperity and oil boom, agricultural development constraints have taken myriad dimensions ranging from physical problems such as lack of incentive, poor return, low yield of output, lack of fertilizer. Other problems include erratic rainfall, long unset and short upset of rain drought. There were also economic problems such as lack of capital and good transport and communication network, very little or no incentive to farmers to produce more, poor marketing/low pricing problems of agricultural productivity. 


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