A CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF WOLE SOYINKA’S THE BEATIFICATION OF AREA BOY

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ABSTRACT

This project is a Critical Discourse Analysis of Wole Soyinka’s The Beatification of Area Boy. Norman Fairclough’s theory has been used in the analysis of the text so as to reveal the hidden meaning behind every social interaction and how they affect power relation in the society. It is aimed at revealing the deep meaning of interactions as they affect our daily lives.The methodology for the research will be through selection and consequent analysis of utterances and other social behavior in the text. This will reveal the socio-cultural and the political atmosphere in the text.The textual, political and socio-cultural analysis have revealed the imbalances in the use of language among different strata of the society. Also, how the use of language reflects power dominance, injustice and inequality.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page
Table of Contents
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.0       Preamble
1.1       Background of the Study
1.2       Statement of the Problem
1.3       Purpose of the Study
1.4       Research Questions
1.5       Aims and Objectives of the Study
1.6       Scope of the Study
1.7       Justification
1.8       Data Description
1.9       Author’s Background

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.0       Preamble
2.1       Discourse
2.2       Discourse Analysis
2.3       A Brief History of Critical Discourse Analysis
2.4       Critical Discourse Analysis
2.5       Approaches to CDA
2.6       Elements of CDA

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
3.0       Preamble
3.1       Sources of Data
3.2       Method of Data Collection
3.3       Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.0       Preamble
4.1       Textual Analysis of The Beatification of Area Boy
4.2       Sociocultural Analysis
4.3       Political Analysis

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.0       Preamble
5.1       Summary
5.2       Findings
5.3       Conclusion
5.4       Recommendation


CHAPTER ONE
GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.0       Preamble
This chapter focuses on the purpose of the study, the scope of the study, the justification, the methodology, data description and the author’s background.
1.1       Background of the Study
The gift of language is the single human trait that marks us all, genetically setting us apart from the rest of life. Language is, like nest building or hive making, the universal and biologically specific activity of human beings. We engage in it communally, compulsively, and automatically. We cannot be human without it; if we were to be separated from it our minds would die as surely as bees lost from the hive (Algeo 87). Language is a unique endowment from God to human which makes us totally distinct from other creatures. Although, these other creatures communicate using sounds, their communication is certainly different from human language and is not categorized as language. Communication can therefore take place between human, or between animals and even between humans and animals, whereas language is human specific.
Language is simply man’s instrument of expression through sound. It is an instrument of thought, that is, a psycho-social interactive measure, which binds human society together in communities and linguistics group. According to Sapir (8), language is purely human and non-instinctive method of communicating ideas, emotions and desires by means of voluntarily produced symbols. The use of language in communication is called Discourse.
The word “Discourse” originates from the Latin word “discursus” which denotes ‘conversation or speech’. It is the actual instances of communication in the medium of language. Barbara Johnstone (2) defines discourse as an institutionalized way of speaking that determines not only what we say and how we say it, but also what we do not say which can be inferred from what we say. It follows that Discourse Analysis is also concerned with language use in social contexts, as interaction or dialogue between speakers. One major approach to doing Discourse Analysis is Critical Discourse Analysis.

Critical Discourse Analysis is explicitly concerned with investigating how language is used to construct and maintain power relationships in the society; the aim is to reveal the connection between language and power and between language and ideology. CDA focuses on the study of language and discourses in social institution. Its major concern is to study and analyze written and spoken texts in order to draw attention to power imbalance or abuse, social inequalities and the domination of certain group of people in the society.


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This is an Undergraduate Thesis and the complete research material plus questionnaire and references can be obtained at an affordable price of N3,000 within Nigeria or its equivalent in other currencies.


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