ECONOMIC IMPACT OF AIR TRANSPORT IN LAGOS, NIGERIA (Case study: Murtala Muhammed International Airport-Lagos (MMA))

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ABSTRACT

Air transportation has been a major player in the global tourism industry and also an outstanding innovation of the 21st century. The airline industry is very dynamic and highly technology driven. It has evolved from being a monopolistic sector to a very competitive type. The deregulation era saw the emergence of several airlines carriers adopting vibrant business models and strategies which helped to shape the entire travel and tourism industry. Air transport has an impact on the economy in diverse ways.

This research work focused on the economic impact of air transport in Lagos Nigeria with a special attention to the Murtala Muhammed Airport Lagos Nigeria. In general, the air transport sector was examined in the light of the benefits and the relationship between the air transport and tourism industry and to gain a better understanding of how air transport impacted Lagos economic from the theoretic view-point. The report also looked into how the air travel helped drive the globalization process and the use of ICT changing the face of air travel.


In this report, the qualitative method was adopted using the semi structured inter-view to collect data information from the chosen target group in the travel and tour-ism industry. The information from the interviewees was analyzed to arrive at findings regarding the economic impact of air transport in the region of Lagos. Finally, recommendations and conclusions were made based on the viewpoints of the writer.


TABLE OF CONTENT

ABSTRACT
ABBREVIATIONS
LIST OF GRAPH

1 INTRODUCTION

2          LAGOS REGION AND MURTALA MUHAMMED AIRPORT
2.1 Lagos Economy
2.2 Murtala Muhammed Airport Lagos, Nigeria

3. AIR TRANSPORT, TRENDS AND GLOBALISATION
3.1 Flight operations in Lagos, Nigeria
3.2 Deregulation
3.3 The airline market- Legacy and budget airlines
3.4 Globalisation and future trends
3.5 Passengers` self-Service based on ICT
3.6 Sustainable air transport

4 THE ROLE OF AIR TRANSPORT IN THE TOURISM INDUSTRY
4.1 The relationship between air transport and tourism in Lagos, Nigeria
4.2 Benefits to Nigerian tourism
4.3 Demand and supply of accommodation service in Lagos

5 THE IMPACT OF AIR TRANSPORT IN A REGION
5.1 Benefits of air transport for a region
5.2 The economic impact of air transport in Lagos, Nigeria
5.3 The negative impact of air transport
5.4 The social impact of air transport in a region

6 RESEARCH METHOD
6.1 Qualitative research method
6. 2 Textual and data analysis
6.3 Interview
6. 4 Interview analyses
6.4.1 Presenting the interview with the MMA-Lagos user
6.4.2 Presenting the interview with the MMA Lagos staff
6.4.3 Presenting the interview with a tourism expert
6.5. Discussion of findings
6.5.1 Validity and reliability
6.6 Recommendations

7 CONCLUSIONS
REFERENCES
APPENDIX


1 INTRODUCTION
Travelling by has air remained one of the most vital transportation innovations of the twentieth century and it has continued to evolve over the years. It enabled the move-ment of passengers and cargoes in the shortest time and also promoted the demand for both short and long-haul trips. In fact, every part of the world could be accessed by means of airplanes within a 24-hour time frame and thereby promoting globalization. Air transportation has over the decades managed to gain a remarkable market share of the transportation sector in the tourism industry. With the increased number of peo-ple travelling every day by airplanes for different purposes, air transportation would continue to take a central stage in the tourism industry. It has become a very signifi-cant sector of tourism today. It is believed that air transportation has contributed in no small measure in making the world a global village, in other words, it has been a major player in the globalization process.


Air transportation is principally the use of airplanes to convey passengers and cargoes from one point to another and it is a fast evolving sector. Passengers more often than not are predominantly tourists. The tourism industry is interactive and dynamic in na-ture and air transport has remained a major player within the industry. Travelling by air has been made easier and more affordable owing to the emergence of budget airlines (Low Cost Carriers) competing with the legacy airlines (Full Service Airlines) and this practically altered the air travel market. Air transportation is susceptible to technologi-cal advancements and this over the years has continually changed the face of air trav-el in different dimensions. These changes cut across both technical (hardware, engi-neering and safety) and service delivery (software – customer service) fronts. Besides, information technology is believed to be the future of air transportation and tourism in general.



However, air transportation is a highly technology driven sector with its challenges and these are factors that affect its operations within the tourism industry. The tourism market is a very vast market and the demand for tourism services has increased tre-mendously, especially with air transportation in focus. There are factors that affect air transport and they include, but are not limited to; air safety standards, terrorism, cost of operation, competition, natural disaster, economic recession, epidemics and pan-demics, and all this is evident in today`s air transportation management.


The main aim of this thesis is to analyze the economic impact of air transportation in a region. It involved studying how the air transport business has affected the lives of the people in the region of Lagos economically. The objective of this report is to examine the importance of air transport in a region and identify main visible impacts of air transport in general and the Lagos region in particular. The economy of Lagos and the Murtala Muhammed Airport business activities will be discussed in the research work. The positive and the negative aspects of air transport in the region will also be consid-ered to gain a better understanding of the subject. Also, the globalisation process and tourism in the region of Lagos will be considered in the report. In accomplishing this task, the writer will use the qualitative method of interview as the primary data source but may face the challenge of securing all the required information from the interview-ees. The theoretical part will consider secondary data sources like eBooks, textbooks and web pages.


This report consists of four parts; the introduction, which gives the background infor-mation including the scope of the study, the theoretical frame work, discussing the subject in detail with the help of literature related to content, while the empirical part considers the subject in practical terms from the viewpoint of the case study applying the qualitative research method of interview for the analysis. And the conclusion and recommendation which consist of the writer’s final points of view based on the subject analysis.


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