THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN OVIA SOUTHWEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE, NIGERIA


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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page
Abstract
Table of contents

CHAPTER ONE: BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
1.1       Introduction
1.2       Statement of the Research Problem
1.3       Aim and Objectives
1.4       Research Hypothesis
1.5       Scope of Study
1.6       Significance of the Study

CHAPTER TWO: THEORECTICAL FRAMEWORK AND LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1       Introduction
2.2       Theoretical Framework
2.2.1    Conflict Theory
2.2.2    African Feminist Theory
2.3       Literature Review
2.3.1    Contribution of Agriculture to Nigeria Economy
2.3.2    Agricultural Sector and Economic Growth in Nigeria
2.3.3    Effect of Agricultural Reforms, Policies and Programmes on the Agricultural Sector
2.3.4   The New Millennium Agricultural Policies (1999 to 2009)
2.3.5    Challenges of the Agricultural Reforms, Policies and Programmes
2.3.6    Women in Agriculture
2.3.7    Women and Extension Services
2.4       Empirical Review of Related Literature

CHAPTER THREE:  STUDY AREA AND METHODOLOGY
3.1       Study Area
3.1.1    Location
3.1.2    Relief and Drainage
3.1.3    Climate
3.1.4    Soil
3.1.5    Vegetation
3.1.6    Peoples and Occupation
3.1.7    Culture and Tradition
3.1.8    Economy
3.2       Methodology
3.2.1    Reconnaissance Survey
3.2.2    Data Selection
3.2.3    Sources of Data
3.2.4    Sample Size and Sampling Techniques
3.2.5    Methods of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSIONS OF RESULT
4.1       Introduction
4.2       Socio Economic Characteristics of Women on Agriculturein Ovia Southwest LGA
4.3       Distribution of Women by Farm Size, Land Allocation, Labour, Duration and Implements
4.4       Type of Crops Produced by Women Farmers in the Study Area
4.5       Roles Performed by Women in Agriculture
4.6       Methods Adopted in Performing the Roles
4.7       Factors Affecting Women Farmers in the Study Area
4.8       Activities of women in agricultural
4.9       Major Challenges Facing Women in Agricultural Production
4.10     Result of the Regression Analysis
4.11     Cross tabulation and Chi-square test on socio-economic characteristics of women farmer against roles played by women farmers

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1       Introduction
5.2       Summary of findings
5.3       Conclusion
5.4       Recommendations
            References
            Appendix



ABSTRACT

The study focused on the role of women in agricultural production in Ovia South West Local Government Area of Edo State. Systematic sampling and purposive sampling techniques were used to sample 382 respondents in the study area. Data were collected using questionnaire and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) as major research instruments. Descriptive statistical technique was employed to summarize the data and multiple regression was used to measure the degree of relationship between the socio-economic characteristics of women in agriculture and its influence on their roles in agricultural production. The study found that women in Ovia South-West LGA contribute their quota to economic development, household income and food security as revealed by 100% of the respondents. Also, it was revealed by the respondents that lack of awareness on new technologies (47.9%), land holding (67%) and financial constraints (87%) militate against the positive contribution of women farmers to nation building accordingly. Variables such as age (0.005), income (0.000), types of agricultural activities (0.000) and family size (0.002) were shown to positively influence the role women play in agricultural production as confirmed by the regression analysis which were significant at 5% level of significance. However, the Chi-square technique revealed that in harvesting/processing p-values of marital status (0.043), years of farming experience (0.002) andincome (0.044) are identified. Also, in marketing/distribution, p-value of age (.000), Educational attainment (.016), years of agricultural experience (.000) and income (.000)are revealed. In weeding p-values of age (.000), marital status (.012), educational attainment (.000), years of agricultural experience (.000) and income (.000) are also revealed. And lastly, in planting the p-values of marital status (.057), educational attainment (.002), years of agricultural experience (.000) and income (.000) were significant at 0.05 alpha level of significant. The study recommends that empowerment of rural women farmers should be prioritized through provision of special agricultural credits and subsidization of farm inputs to optimize their invaluable role in food security, and women farmers should be provided access to financial assistance for their farming activities through formation of cooperative society.The study concludes that women play important roles in ensuring food security. They act as shock absorbers, grow crops, keep animals and spend time to keep the family economic boat afloat. They are into seed sowing, weeding, harvesting, processing, storage, marketing of food produce for the health of the family and the community at large.




CHAPTER ONE

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

1.1              Introduction

Agriculture contributes immensely to the Nigerian economy in various ways such as

the provision of food for the increasing population, supply of raw materials and a major source of employment, generation of foreign exchange earnings, and provision of a market for the products from the industrial sector (Eze, Ugbochukwu, Eze, Awulonu and Okon, 2010). It has always played an important role in the socio-economic development of developing countries such as Nigeria. Onwualu (2012) had remarked that agriculture remains the dominant sector in the rural areas of Nigeria where over 70% of Nigerians reside. This is true to rural communities in Nigeria.

The study focuses on the role women play in farming activities in Ovia South-West Local Government Area in Edo State. Ovia South-West L.G.A of Edo State is located west of River Niger in Mid-Western Nigeria. The study area is an agrarian society which is highly dominated by a large number of women who are actively involved in agricultural activities (specifically farming activities). Women in Ovia south west are enthusiastic about their farming activities. They are actively playing the roles of planting, weeding, harvesting, transportation and marketing of their farm produce. As a rural community, women in Ovia South-West engage in the planting of okro, pepper, tomatoes, yam, cassava, cocoyam, and maize. They also engage in the planting of rubber and palm trees.

Onwualu (2012:4) stated that Nigeria was one of the world‘s largest agricultural producers and it is on record that at independence, agriculture contributed up to 60% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in this country. It generated enormous revenue for the.....


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