SECURITY IMPLICATIONS OF BOKO HARAM INSURGENCY FOR NIGERIA AND NIGER REPUBLIC DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS (2009-2015)


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title
Abstract
List of Abbreviations
Table of Contents
Appendices

CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.1: General Background
1.2: Statement of Research Problem
1.3: Aim and Objectives of the Study
1.4: The Significance of the Study
1.5: Research Assumptions
1.6: Scope and Limitations of the Study
1.7: Organization of Chapters

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
2.1: Introduction
2.2: Socio-Cultural Dimension of Nigeria-Niger Republic Diplomatic Relations
2.3: Nigeria and Niger Republic Relations- Consolidation of National Power and Sovereignty, their Political Interactions within Africa, Attitudes toward each Others, and their Interactions within UN
2.3.1: Nigeria‟s Attitude towards Niger Republic during the Period the Niger‟s Opposition Leader-Djibo Bakary was trying to overthrow Diori Hamani‟s regime
2.3.2: Niger‟s Attitude towards Nigeria during Nigeria‟s Civil War
2.3.3: Niger‟s Attitude towards Nigeria over Dialogue with South Africa, and in the Ghana-Nigeria Tension over Leadership Tussle in Africa
2.3.4: Nigeria and Niger Republic Voting Patterns in the United Nations
2.4: Economic Dimension of Nigeria-Niger Republic Diplomatic Relations
2.4.1: Aid Relations between Nigeria and Niger Republic
2.4.2: Industrial Cooperation between Nigeria and Niger
2.5: Security Matters in ECOWAS
2.5.1: Security
2.5.2: Collective Security
2.5.3: ECOWAS Collective Security
2.6: Insurgency
2.6.1: Nigeria‟s Security Challenge
2.7: Boko Haram in Perspective
2.7.1: Relational or Vengeance Perspective of Boko Haram Insurgency
2.7.2: The Political Feud Perspective of Boko Haram Insurgency
2.7.3: Socio-Economic Perspective of Boko Haram Insurgency
2.7.4: The Conspiracy Perspective
2.7.5: Theocratic Perspective
2.8: The Effects of Boko Haram Insurgency on Regional Security
2.8.1: The Effects of Insurgency on International Relations
2.8.2: Regional and International Response to Boko Haram Insurgency
2.9: Theoretical Framework

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1: Introduction
3.2: Study Area
3.3: Population of the Study
3.4: Sources of Data Collection
3.5: Instrument of Data Collection
3.6: Sampling Procedures
3.7: Sampling Techniques
3.8: Validation of the Instruments used for the Study
3.9: Reliability of the Instruments used for the Study
3.10: Data Transcription and Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS OF THE SECURITY IMPLICATIONS OF BOKO HARAM INSURGENCY FOR NIGERIA-NIGER REPUBLIC           DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS
4.1: Introduction
4.2: Perception of Security Implications of Boko Haram Insurgency for Nigeria and Niger Republic by Respondents
4.3: Perception of Respondents on the Closure of Borders by Nigeria with Niger Republic
4.4: Perception of the Implications of Boko Haram Insurgency for the Diplomatic Relations between Nigeria and Niger Republic by Respondents
4.5: Security Cooperation between Nigeria and Niger in Combating Boko Haram Insurgency Perceived by Respondents
4.6: Research Findings
4.7: Discussion of Findings
4.8: Verification of Assumptions

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1: Summary
5.2: Conclusion
5.3: Recommendations
5.4: Contributions to Knowledge
REFERENCES



ABSTRACT

This study examines the Security Implications of Boko Haram Insurgency for Nigeria-Niger Republic Diplomatic Relations. The dissertation deploys the linkage theory to posit in its key argument that there is a connection between the spread of Boko Haram insurgency from Nigeria to Niger Republic and the responses of the two countries toward each other in tackling the insurgency collectively. Data were collected basically from in-depth interview from the Embassy of the Republic of Niger, Abuja, West African Affairs Division of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Nigeria, Abuja and analysed thematically as they relate to the research objectives by qualitative data analysis. It was discovered that despite the spread of Boko Haram insurgency and the challenges encountered in the course of fighting the insurgency, the fight against the insurgents has strengthened diplomatic relations between the two countries. Nigeria and Niger Republic through joint military operation coordinated by the Multinational Joint Task Force comprising the Lake Chad Basin Commission Countries have come together to fight the insurgency. The study strongly recommends creating a permanent joint military operation on the borders of the two countries to end Boko Haram insurgency.




CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

1.1 General Background

Boko Haram originally known as Jama‟atu Alhlissunnah Lidda‟awati wal Jihad (Followers of the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad for Propagation of Islam and Jihad) (Adamu, 2012) or the Yusuffiya Movement came into limelight in July 2009 during the administration of the late President Umaru Musa Yar‟Adua following a deadly clash which erupted between the movement and the security forces over the violation of the law on the use of crash helmet by the movement in Maiduguri, Borno State. The deadly clash left several of the Boko Haram members dead. Prior to that incident, Boko Haram had existed peacefully in Borno State preaching against Western values that contradicted their belief. The pervasive corruption, inequality, injustice, unemployment, immorality believed to have been caused by the infiltration of Western values into the country influenced Boko Haram and its adherents. Their campaign against aspects of Western schooling earned them the name “Boko Haram”-a Hausa word which means Western knowledge is false (Adamu, 2012) contrary to the media‟s interpretation of the word as Western education is sinful or forbidden. The anti Western posture of the Boko Haram led to more confrontations between the government and the movement. Boko Haram was briefly curtailed by the Nigerian security forces in July 2009. The virtual destruction of the Yusufiyya Movement by the Nigerian security forces in July 2009 and the death of their leader, Mohammed Yusuf, drove the movement underground for almost six months (Hajeej, 2011). The killing of Mohammed Yusuf, Boko Haram‟s leader, perceived as an injustice by the movement was believed to have radicalised and emboldened them to carry out more deadly attacks in the country. In 2010, they began a systematic insurgency against security forces- the police and the army as well as those who collaborated with the security forces leading either to their capture, or shooting......

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