INFLUENCE OF PARENTING STYLES AND PEER PRESSURE ON DELINQUENT BEHAVIOUR AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KADUNA METROPOLIS


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Abstract
Table of Contents
List of Abbreviations
Operational Definition of Terms

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background of the Study
1.2       Statement of the Problem
1.3       Objectives of the Study
1.4       Research Questions
1.5       Research Hypotheses
1.6       Basic Assumptions
1.7       Significance of the Study
1.8       Scope and Delimitation of the Study

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1       Introduction
2.2       Conceptual Framework
2..2.1   Parenting Styles
2.2.2    Types of Parenting Style
2.2.3    Democratic Parenting Style
2.2.4    Autocratic Parenting Style
2.2.5    Laissez Faire Parenting Style
2.2.6    Delinquent Behaviour
2.2.7    Relationship between Parenting Style and Delinquent Behaviour
2.2.8    Peer Pressure
2.2.9    Relationship between Peer Pressure and Delinquent Behaviour
2.3       Theoretical Framework
2.3.1    Bandura Social Learning Theory
2.3.2    Deci and Ryan Self-Determination Theory (SDT)
2.3.3    Durkheim Sociological Theories
2.4       Review of Empirical Studies
2.5       Summary

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
3.1       Introduction
3.2       Research Design
3.3       Population of the Study
3.4       Sample and Sampling Technique
3.5       Instrumentation for Data Collection
3.6       Validity and Reliability of the Instruments
3.6.1    Validity of the Instruments
3.6.2    Pilot Testing
3.6.3    Reliability of the Instruments
3.7       Procedure for Data Collection
3.8       Procedure for Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULT AND DISCUSSION
4.1       Introduction
4.2       Analysis of Respondent‘s Demographic Information
4.3       Hypotheses Testing
4.4       Summary of Findings
4.5       Discussion

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1       Introduction
5.2       Summary
5.3       Conclusion
5.4       Recommendations
5.5       Suggestions for Further Studies
References
Appendices



ABSTRACT

The study was aimed at investigating the influence of parenting styles and peer pressure on delinquent behaviors among Senior Secondary School Students in Kaduna metropolis. To do this, four objectives, four research questions research hypotheses and four basic assumptions were formulated. Also, correlational design was adopted and data was collected from 320 students (male =164 (51.2%); female = 156 (48.8%)) age range 14 – 19years drawn from the ten purposively selected schools with the population of 2256 in Kaduna metropolis. Data was collected using parenting style questionnaire that covers democratic parenting style, autocratic parenting style, and Laissez-faire parenting style. Peer Pressure Questionnaire and Delinquent Behaviour Questionnaire were also used. The data collected were subjected to statistical analysis using Pearson‘s Product Moment Correlation at the .05 levels of significance to test the four hypotheses stated for the study. Result revealed that there is a significant negative correlation r = -.188; p < .001 between Democratic Parenting Style and Delinquent behaviour which implies that children from homes where Democratic Parenting Style is used are less likely to be delinquents.Autocratic Parenting Style and Delinquent behaviour among students strongly and positively correlate r = .504; p < .000and Laisser-faire Parenting Style and Delinquent behaviour r = .662; p < .000 thereby strongly suggesting that children from homes where Autocratic Parenting Style and Laisser-faire Parenting Style is practiced are strongly likely to be delinquents. Peer Pressure was also found to strongly encourage Delinquent behaviour among students r = .683; p < .000.Based on this findings it was recommended that Parents should adopt a democratic parenting style in the upbringing of their children. This should involve discussing problems with their children and setting rules that will guide the behaviour of the children. Autocratic and laissez-faire parenting style should be avoided as it has a significance relationship with delinquent behaviour. Students should be guided in making good friends to reduce peer pressure resulting from keeping bad friends.



CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION


1.1               Background to the Study

Parents have an important role to play as both socializing and control agent over their children‘s behaviour. One major component of parental control is monitoring strategy. For adolescent to conform to the norms and values of the society, parents must step up and choose appropriate style to use in training their children if we must see a virile society. Parenting styles are the standard strategies that parents use in their child‘s training, rearing and up-bringing with the inculcation of values, norms of the society in order to be useful to the society. The popular argument of nature and nurture in the training of a child remain an issue. Some argue that an environment has the ability to shape a child‘s behaviour, personality and self-concept. While others believe that these are inherent in the child, for most people, a child‘s parents are the most influential in their lives up till adolescent (Vigdor, 2006). Most children are dependent upon their parents for food, shelter, finance and companionship. Parent love as well as punishment can exert a great influence on children when handled properly (Baumrind 1991a). The study looked into how parenting styles and peer pressure relate with delinquent behavior, it addresses the question of whether or not a strict autocratic parenting really hinders the child from exhibiting delinquent behavior. Conversely, it seeks to find out whether or not a loose laissez-faire parenting could actually make the adolescent to exhibit delinquency or perhaps, it is balanced, democratic parenting style that really provides healthy behavior. Parents may find it difficult to train up their children to meet up positively with this challenging and dynamic society and stand out to become world citizens. The task of adolescent training may be difficult due to economic crises, social instability and the weakening of major institutions including the state systems of public education and the family......


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