AN APPRAISAL OF THE ROLE OF TRADE UNIONISM UNDER NIGERIAN LAW: A CASE STUDY OF THE NIGERIA LABOUR CONGRESS


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page
Abbreviation
Table of Cases
Table of Statutes
Abstract
Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background to the Study
1.2       Statement of the Problem
1.3       Scope of the Research
1.4       Research Methodology
1.5       Literature Review
1.6       Justification of the Research
1.7       Objectives of the Research
1.8       Organizational Layout

CHAPTER TWO: TRADE UNIONISM IN NIGERIA
2.1       Introduction
2.2       Historical Development of Trade Unions (Pre-Independence Era)
2.3       Legal Framework of Trade Unions
2.4       Registration of Trade Unions
2.5       Membership of Trade Unions
2.6       Liabilities of Trade Unions

CHAPTER THREE: THE NIGERIA LABOUR CONGRESS
3.1       Introduction
3.2       International Affiliation
3.3       Organs of the Nigeria Labour Congress
3.4       Trade Unions affiliated to the Nigeria Labour Congress

CHAPTER FOUR: THE ROLES PLAYED BY THE NIGERIA LABOUR CONGRESS TOWARDS THE ACTUALIZATION OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL RIGHTS
4.1       Introduction
4.2       Socio-Economic Roles
4.3       Support through Cooperatives
4.4       Workers Education
4.5       Housing Scheme
4.6       Economic Roles of the NLC
4.7       Political Role of the NLC
4.8       Contemporary Issues
4.9       Challenges Facing the NLC in this 21st Century

CHAPTER FIVE: AN OVERVIEW OF MECHANISMS FOR SETTLEMENT OF TRADE DISPUTES UNDER NIGERIAN LAW
5.1       Introduction
5.2       Methods of Settlement of Trade Disputes in Nigeria
5.3       Collective Bargaining
5.4       Other Mechanisms for Settlement of Trade Disputes
5.5       Other Mechanisms for Settlement of Trade Disputes

CHAPTER SIX: SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
6.1       Summary
6.2       Conclusion
6.3       Findings
6.4       Recommendations
            Bibliography



ABSTRACT

The writer was motivated to write on the subject of unionism with reference to the Nigeria Labour Congress owing to criticisms labeled by Nigeria on the role played by the congress.

The writer’s desire of changing this negative perspective of the role of unionism became the motivation for the work. Trade unions are not perceived as a potent pressure group interested in championing the rule of law, good governance and enthronement of democratic ideals for the betterment of Nigerians. Activism of the NLC is generally construed in narrow terms confining its agitation to the betterment of only workers. This problems still prevails despite the dynamism of social relations which has necessitated a paradigm shift in the traditional role of the NLC. An objective of this thesis is to educate and enlighten the Nigerian public on the roles of trade unionism towards achieving economic growth, development and in the advancement of political and social rights in Nigeria. The research methodology adopted is basically the doctrinal method of research. This is because it made it easier for the writer to identify the primary and secondary sources of trade union law and have access to available literature covering diverse aspects of the work. The thesis found that the Trade Unions (Amendment) Act 2005 and other legislation have greatly undermined the vibrancy of the Nigeria Labour Congress towards the realization of its mission statement. It is also found that there is no constant flow of vital information from the NLC to the Nigerian public, this lack of public enlightenment of its activism contributed to the negative perception it has in the eyes of Nigerians. As a matter of urgency the legislature should amend the Trade Unions (Amendment) Act 2005 and other legislation t hat impede on the development of trade unionism. The NLC should embark on massive public enlightenment of its activism so as to educate the public. The NLC provides a basis for the limitation of state power, which is tantamount to the control of the state by the civil society; to supplement the role of the political parties by stimulating politically participation; promote the development of political attributes and creating channels other than political parties for the articulation, aggregation and representation of interest; to monitor state activities, and defend their interest and values. The role of trade unionism as portrayed by the NLC has captured the imagination of the country as the defender of the common man and as a repository of the best values of the Nigerian society. The NLC has given hope to the vast majority of Nigerians who are excluded, marginalized, exploited and oppressed that a better Nigeria is not only possible but realizable. The potency of the NLC in the democratic struggle cannot be undermined. It is significant not only in entrenching democracy, but also its sustainability.





CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

1.1              Background to the Study

Trade union means any combination of workers or employers, whether temporary or

permanent the purpose of which is to regulate the terms and conditions of employment of workers1.

Trade Unionism has been an indispensable factor in ensuring and guaranteeing stability and industrial harmony between the employer and labour. Trade Unions played pivotal roles in ensuring the free flow of goods and services to the Nigerian public which keep the Nigerian economy afloat. The Nigeria economy is stable largely owing to the activities of trade unions labouring assiduously to strike a balance between its interest and that of management. Labour and Management are two bearers of great social interests.

It is well known that trade unionism all over the world emerged for improving the economic, living and working conditions of workers.2 Workers through their union representatives seek to obtain an equitable share in the profits made by the employer in order to improve their working and living standards out of the wealth they help generate.3

The above position has not been different in Nigeria. The primary objective of trade unionism had been an agitation to improve the lot of the labour force through improved conditions and terms of service from the employer. Trade unionism was basically an agitation which was meant to serve as a platform for dialogue with the employer on generally employee welfare.

In this 21st Century, it is our view that there seems to be an additional role in the basic and fundamental objectives of trade unionism in Nigeria. Trade Unionism entails playing.....


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