AN APPRAISAL OF OFFENCES AND PENALTIES UNDER THE NIGERIA INCOME TAX LAWS


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page
Table of Statutes
Table of Cases
Abstract
Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE
1.0       General Introduction
1.1       Introduction
1.2       Objectives of the Research
1.3       Scope of the Research
1.4       Significance of the Study
1.5       Research Methodology
1.6       Organizational Layout of the Research
1.7       Literature Review

CHAPTER TWO
2.0       General Outlook of the Tax Offences and Penalties
2.1       Basis of Tax Offences and Penalties
2.2       Statutory Tax Offences and Penalties
2.3       Relationship between Tax Offences and Penalties

CHAPTER THREE
3.0       Examination of Tax Offences
3.1       Tax Offences under Nigerian Tax Law
3.1.1    Personal Income Tax Offences
3.1.2    Company Income Tax Offences
3.2       Other Tax Offences

CHAPTER FOUR
4.0       Examination of Tax Penalties
4.1       Penalties under Nigerian Tax Law
4.1.1    Legal Proceedings
4.1.2    Monetary Penalties
4.1.3    Distain of Property
4.2       Other forms of Tax Penalties

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0       Conclusion
5.1       Summary of Findings
5.2       Suggestions and Recommendation



ABSTRACT


It is a well known historical fact that all over the world people regard tax payment as something detestable and a form of punishment especially when it has t do with them parting with their hard earned money. From time immemorial tax masters who are seen having no concern for the welfare at the society forced people to pay taxes. It is because of this hostile regard of taxation that today, tax payers have devised more legitimate means to perpetrate tax offences as it relates to tax payment. The cardinal objective of this research work is to assess the tax offences and penalties in the Nigerian Income Tax Laws ad critically analyze the implementation of these penalties on the tax offences, the efficiency of tax administrative machinery in dealing with such offences and finally to make a survey into other possible ways which may most likely present appreciable improvement of the Nigerian Tax system. The short coming involved in the collection of tax in Nigeria include staffing, inadequate communication system, lack of coordination between government departments, problems of identification of tax payer place of residence, the way tax collected us being spent, lack of coordination from tax payer. The various observations were made. Having considered some of the main set back in our tax system there is need to advance certain recommendations which may bring about some improvement in the system.




CHAPTER ONE


1.0             GENERAL INTRODUCTION


1.1             Introduction


It is a known fact that people all over the world detest the paying of tax, especially

when the money has been hard earned. Due to this fact, there has been an ever hostile

regard for taxation. Today, due to this ancient hatred for taxation tax payers have devised

more legitimate ways and means to perpetrate tax offences as it relates to payment1.


As MENZIE J put it in the High Court of Australia in the case of  Peate v.

Commissioner of Taxation2.


It is perhaps inevitable in an acquisitive society that taxation is regarded as a burden from which those who are subject to it will seek to escape by any lawful means that may be found.

Though taxpayers might see only its adverse effect (i.e. taxation), a closer look at

it will also reveal its merit. Tax does not only provide the much needed revenue base for

socio-economic development, but also reduces the inequalities of wealth distribution in

the society. Thus tax is a burden which every citizen must bear to sustain his or her

government since the government has certain function to fulfill for the general benefits of.....


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