COMMERCIAL BANK CREDIT AND AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT IN NIGERIA: (1982-2007)


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ABSTRACT
This research work examined the impact of commercial Bank credit on Agricultural output in Nigeria using Macroeconomic variables (commercial bank credit and agricultural output). The broad objective of the study is to investigate the extent to which commercial bank credit had supported agricultural output Nigeria. The specific objectives are: (i) to determine the impact of commercial banks credit on agricultural output in Nigeria, and (i) to determine the impact of agricultural output on economic growth in Nigeria. The methodology adopted  for the study was ordinary least square (OLs) involving the student’s T-test, to test  the significance  of the individual parameter estimate, the F-test, to test the significance of the entire regression plane, the R2 and Adjusted R2, to test the joint influence of the explanatory variables on the dependent variable. Finally, Durbin-Watson’s statistics (DW) was used to check the presence or absence of serial correlation on the data.  After the regression, the result shows that: firstly, agricultural output as well as commercial bank credit to agriculture and real interest rate contributed a lot to economic growth in Nigeria. Secondly there is a general agreement that Nigeria agricultural sector is grossly underfunded.  Finally, the share of actual expenditure that went to the agricultural sector compared unfavorable with the shares that went to other sectors. Based on the findings above, the researcher made the flowing suggestions:
There is the need for improvement of public expenditure tracking system in agricultural sector.
There is also the need for clarification of the roles of the three tiers of government in agricultural services delivery.
There is the need for applied research targeted at priority issues

TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE
APPROVAL PAGE
DEDICATION
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
ABSTRACT
TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1       BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
1.2       STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
1.3       OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
1.4       HYPOTHESIS OF THE STUDY
1.5       SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
1.6       SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF HE STUDY

CHAPTER TWO
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1    THEORETICAL LITERATURE
2.1.1 THE PRE-REQUISITE THESIS VERSUS
THE CONCURRENCE THESIS
2.2    FINANCING AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA
2.1.1           SOURCES OF AGRICULTURAL FINANCING
2.3    COMMERCIAL BANK CREDIT AND AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT
2.4    EMPIRICAL LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1    MODEL SPECIFICATION
3.2    ESTIMATION PROCEDURE
3.3    EVALUATION TECHNIQUES
3.4    DATA REQUIRED AND SOURCES

CHAPTER FOUR
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1    UNIT ROOT TEST
4.2    CO INTEGRATION TEST
4.3    PRESENTATION AND INTERPRESTATION OF RESULT
4.3:1 INTERPRESTATION OF REGRSSION RESULT
4.4    EVALUATION OF EMPIRICAL RESULT
4.4:1 ECONOMIC CRITERIA (A PRIORI EXPECTATION)
4.4:2 STATISTICAL CRITERIA
4.4:3 COEFFICIENT OF DETERMINATION (R2)
4.4.4 THE T-STAISTICS
4.4.5 THE F-TEST
4.5. ECONOMIC CRITERIA (SECOND ORDER TEST)

CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1    SUMMARY
5.2    CONCLUSION
5.3    RECOMMENDATION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
APPENDIX


CHAPTER ONE
1.1    BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
          As confirmed by Ugochukwu (1999:02), agriculture is the first and most thriven occupation of mankind. From its early form of wild fruits, leaf, root, snail and insect gathering, fishing and hunting, to its present mechanized and almost automated form, it has undergone a lot of development
          Okah (2007:04) conceived agriculture as the cultivation of land, raising animals for the purpose of production of food for man, feed for animals, and raw materials for our industries. It also consist of croup production, forestry, livestock...


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