THE ROLE OF FEMALE ENTREPRENEURS IN POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN RURAL COMMUNITIES (THE CASE STUDY OF AWKA SOUTH LOCAL GOVEERNMENT AREA IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA)


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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Outline page
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the Research Problem
1.3  Research Questions
1.4  Objectives of the study
1.5 limitation of the Study
1.6 Statement of the Research Hypothesis
1.7 Definitions of Terms
CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Theoretical Issues on SMEs
2.2 Conceptual Review of the Study
2.3 Empirical Review
2.4 Concept of Poverty
2.5 Theoretical Framework
2.6 Previous Empirical Studies on the Relationship between SMEs and   Poverty
Alleviation
2.7 Alleviating Poverty through Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises
 2.8 Alleviating Poverty through Women Entrepreneurship
 2.9 Women as Entrepreneur
2.10 Gap in knowledge

CHAPTER THREE
METHODOLOGY
3.1 Study Area                                                           
 3.2 Research Design
3.3 Population Of The Study
3.4 sample size
3.5 Methods of Data Collection
3.6   Analytical Technique
3.7 Source Of Data

CHAPTER FOUR
PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
4.1 Socio-Economic Profile Of Respondent
4.1.1 Age Distribution Of The Respondent
4.1.2 Educational Qualification
4.2  Nature and Type of SMEs Businesses in Awka south Area in Anambra State
4.2.1 Nature of Business
4.2.2 The size of Business
4.2.3   Ownership Structure
4.2.4 Year of operation
4.3   Assessment of Income and Employment generating capacity of   SMEs
4.3.1  Income Generation
4.4 Impact of SMEs on Living Conditions of  Owners
4.4.1 Income Level
4.4.2   Toilet Facility
4.4.3  Sources of Water
4.4.4  Sources of Energy for Cooking
4.4.5   Access to Medical Care
4.4.6   Sources of Electricity/Power Supply
4.4.7   Affordable and Adequate Meal per Day
4.4.8  SME’s increase employment

CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMRARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary of the Findings
5.2 Conclusion
5.3 Recommendations           
            REFERENCES
        APPENDIX




ABSTRACT
The study assessed the role of female entrepreneurs in poverty alleviation in rural communities of Awka South Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria.  It specifically analysed the socio-economic characteristics of women entrepreneurship and assessed the contribution of female-owned businesses to poverty alleviation in the study area. The main reason for this study was due to the fact that most studies on the relationship between businesses development and poverty alleviation have concentrated on aggregate effects of small businesses on poverty reduction with little attention on   gender issue in rural areas. The study employed primary data. The target population was all the women-owned enterprises from eight communities in Awka South Local Government Area in Anambra State of Nigeria. Data were collected from primary source, using questionnaire on a sample of 205 female-0wned   enterprises. Responses of the respondents were analysed using percentages and the chi-square tests were carried out to support the analysis. The study therefore concluded that   female-owned microenterprises have played key role in poverty alleviation   among the businesses’ owners in Awka Division through income generation and job creation.




CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study
Poverty is one of the main economic problems facing most countries in the world. There have been several strategies to tackle poverty in its various forms and dimensions. Of recent, there   has   been a shift from the capital intensive large-scale industrial policy to Small-scale policy as small scale industries viewed as a sector that creates substantial employment opportunities as they are relatively labour intensive. In the light of this,   different levels of government in Nigeria have embraced the challenge of promoting small and medium enterprises since 1986 through the Small Scale Enterprises Programme (SSEP) as an engine for economic growth. There are many studies on the relationship between small businesses development and poverty rates and overall microeconomic performance on the basis of aggregate time series data. But most of the studies have neglected the individual traits of businesses and gender issue, and with less attention on rural areas. This study is gender sensitive as it investigates the roles of small businesses owned by women in rural areas in poverty alleviation. 
1.2 Statement of the Research Problem
In view of the escalating level of poverty in developing countries constituting a serious problem to economic growth and welfare state of the citizenry,  various policies were implemented  which could not significantly impact on the level of poverty. The failure of various reforms and development programmes to impact on the level of welfare of the citizens in terms of poverty reduction particularly through employment generation, triggered the reappraisal of the role and importance of small and medium sized....

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