THE EFFECTS OF THE SOCRATIC METHOD ON STUDENTS ART PERFORMANCES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KADUNA- NIGERIA


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Abstract
Table of Content
Definition of Terms

CHAPTER ONE
1.0       Introduction
1.1       Background of the Study
1.2       Statement of the Study
1.3       Aim and Objectives of the Study
1.4       Research Questions
1.5       Justification of the Study
1.6       Significance of the Study
1.7       Basic Assumptions
1.8       Scope and Limitation of the Study
1.9       Organization of the Study

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0       Introduction
2.1       Conceptual framework
2.2       Fostering Critical Thinking in Socratic Method
2.3       The use of Socratic Method
2.3.1    Socratic Instruction
2.3.2    Socratic Discussion
2.4       Concept of Brain Storming (Osborn)
2.5       Discussion method
2.6       The Importance of Fine Arts in Classroom
2.7       Art Appreciation
2.8       The Subject Area of Fine Arts
2.9       Attitude towards Art by Teachers and Students
2.10     Strategies of Teaching Fine Arts
2.11     Conventional Teaching Method in Arts
2.12     Previous Related Studies (Empirical)
2.13     Summary

CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.0       Introduction
3.1       Research Design
3.2       Population
3.3       Sample and Sample Procedure
3.4       Instrumentation
3.5       Pilot Test
3.6       Data Collection Procedure
3.7       Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR
DATA PERESNTATION, RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
4.0       Introduction
4.1       Data Analysis of Research Question One
4.2       Data Analysis of Research Question Two
4.3       Data Analysis of Research Question Three
4.4       Discussion of the Major Findings

CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.0       Introduction
5.1       Summary
5.2       Conclusion
5.3       Recommendations
References



ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to determine the effects of Socratic Method on student‘s art performance in secondary schools in Kaduna Metropolis Nigeria. The specific objectives are to find out students performance when exposed to Socratic Method, determine if male students will perform better than female students when exposed to the Socratic Method, and determine if Socratic Method would have any effect on students performance in fine arts in both private and public schools. The study was a quasi-experimental design where pre-test and post-test control and experimental group was used. Forty (40) fine arts students (boys and girls) from four selected secondary schools were involved in the study. Simple random sampling was used to select the students. The instrument used for the study was a self-designed Art Appreciation Test (AAT) consisted of twenty (20) multiple choice items which was administered personally by the researcher for the collection of data. Obtained data was analyzed in frequency and percentage. The major findings obtained revealed that students perform better in fine art when taught using Socratic Method as compared to the conventional method. Female students are better in fine art performance when taught using Socratic Method. Private schools perform better than public schools when taught using Socratic Method. Based on the findings from the study, it was concluded that Students perform better in art when taught using Socratic Method as compared to conventional method. It was recommended that the teaching of art would be highly effective if art teachers start to use innovative teaching techniques such as Socratic Method to enhance the cognitive performance of art students.




CHAPTER ONE
Introduction


1.0 Background of the Study

The National Policy on Education (NPE, 2007) presents the visual arts as a core subjects at the junior secondary school level, but made it optional to student at the senior secondary school level. The Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria realizes the importance of art and culture in the development of science and technology and gives visual art education its legitimate right in the nation‘s educational system. The visual arts curriculum is an integration of visual arts, drama and music and is primarily concerned with the role of arts and culture in education at present and future. At the junior secondary school level it is called Cultural and

Creative Arts. It is made up of drawing, painting, pattern and design, 3-dimentional works, crafts and art appreciation.

Arts subjects constitute a major part of the subjects being offered in most post-primary institutions in Nigeria today. These subjects are so important that the Federal Government National Policy on Education states in specific terms that the Secondary education shall provide trained manpower in the arts, sciences and technology. The National Policy on Education further states that art is core at junior secondary school and elective at senior secondary schools. The importance attached to art by the Federal Government could be due to the general belief that art is capable of improving and changing skills, attitudes and cognition by increasing student‘s store of knowledge‘s about themselves, their environment and their world.

Methodology is very vital in any teaching-learning situation. The method adopted by the teacher may promote or hinder learning. It may sharpen mental activities which are the bases of social power or may discourage initiatives and curiosity thus making self-reliance and survival........


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