THE CRISIS OF CITIZENSHIP IN NIGERIA: A STUDY OF INDIGENE-SETTLER CONFLICT IN JOS-NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, PLATEAU STATE


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page
Table of contents
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background To The Study
1.2       Statement Of The Research Problem
1.3       Research Questions
1.4       Objective Of The Study
1.5       Significance Of The Study
1.6       Scope Of The Study
1.7       Limitations Of The Study
1.7       Hypothesis
1.11     Conceptual Clarification
1.12     Organization Of Work

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAME WORK
2.1       Literature Review
2.1.1    Conflict as a Phenomenon
2.1.2    Conflicts in Nigeria
2.2       Theoretical Framework

CHAPTER THREE
3.1       Methodology

CHAPTER FOUR
4.1       Jos-North: A Background History And The Perspectives Of The Conflict
4.2       Plateau State
4.3       Conflict Perspective And Causes Of Conflict In Jos-North
4.3.1    Hausa Perspective of the Conflict
4.3.2    Berom Perspective of the Conflict
4.3.3    The Anaguta Perspective
4.3.4    The Afizere Perspective of the conflict
4.3.5    Fulani Perspective of The Conflict
4.4       Causes And Pattern of Conflict In Jos-North Local Government
4.4.1    Remote Causes
4.4.2    Political Factors
4.4.3    Economic Factor
4.4.4    Socio-Cultural Factor
4.4.5    Religious Factor
4.5       The September 2001 Conflict
4.5.1   Background To The Crisis
4.6       The Eto Baba PDP Ward Congress 2002 Conflict
4.6.1    The Background Of The Crisis
4.7       The 2008 Jos Conflict
4.8       The 2010 Jos Conflict
4.9       Remote Causes
4.9.1    Rebuilding of A House
4.9.2    Immediate Cause

CHAPTER FIVE: SETTLER/INDIGENE CONTESTATION IN JOS NORTH L.G.A: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
5.1       Introduction
5.2       Data Presentation and Analysis
5.3       Discussion On Major Findings of The Study

CHAPTER SIX: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
6.1       Summary
6.2       Conclusion
6.3       Recommendations
References
Appendixes



ABSTRACT

The thesis examined the crisis of citizenship in Nigeria with particular attention to indigene/settler conflict in Jos-North area, rooted on the basis of land ownership use. Elite theory is adopted to guide the analysis of this work, the theory posits that society is divided into few who have power and allocate values for society and many who do not have power and also do not decide public policy. This give an opportunity for the elite to manipulate the citizenship on the basis of indigene settler. Both primary and secondary source of data collection is employed. The primary sources of data collection for the research were structured questionnaire format, views of the respondents in the open ended questionnaire. While the already existing literatures, periodical and other materials relevant to the study cosntitued the secondary sources of information. The research findings unfolds that the crisis in the Jos-North is rooted on the basis of the land ownership, politics clothed with religion. The findings also unveil that ethnicity contributed greatly to the escalation of the crisis. The research therefore, recommends that the perpetrators in the conflicts must be arrested, tried and punished to serve as deterrence for others. Also individual who has lived and worked in a study area for a period of 10yeas and who made his obligation should also be allowed to enjoy the right and privileges that are due for an ‗indigene‘. The research also recommends that inter-marriage should be massively encouraged to address or reduce the dichotomy of indigene/settler issue, since we all migrate from somewhere. The above, when considered will help resolve the recurrent crisis of citizenship, indigene/settler conflict in the Jos North Local Government Area, Plateau State and Nigeria at large.



CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1              BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Towards  the  end  of  the  twentieth  century,  socio-political  changes  have

happened in various places. Ethnic minority groups have been striving to shake off-long usurpations, to cast off the yoke of distant suzerains and to take their own destinies in their own hands, this happened simultaneously with the move by religious groups to influence the social, political and economic relations in the society (Guardian, February, 1993). In Nigeria since the beginning of 1990s ethnic and religious crisis have been taking place throughout the country. This was part of the national question that can be ignored only at the expense of the nation. Little wonder therefore, that the recent United States intelligence report about sub-saharan Africa predict Nigeria‘s failure in fifteen years. Although the government has since discredited the report as being far from the reality, but she did not condemn it in totality (Leadership, June, 2005).

The current resurgence of ethnic and religious violence going on throughout the country, and which has been taking different forms and dimensions, can directly be linked to the growth of population and development of communication, which have widened the political and economic awareness of the people of Nigeria. The development has also created the problems of citizenship all over the country. In Jos-North Local Government Area, Plateau State, this state of affairs has created the crisis of indigene/ settler which caught the government unawares.

On general note it is pertinent to say that before 1991, harmonious relationship characterized the life of the people of Jos-North Local Government Area. The Hausa, Fulani co-existed in the area without much problem.....


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