THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF AGRICULTURE TO ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (A STUDY OF SOBA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE)


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
List of Abbreviations
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE:
GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background to the Study
1.2       Statement of the Research Problem
1.3       Research Questions
1.4       Aim and Objectives of the Study
1.5       Research Hypotheses
1.6       Significance of the Study
1.7       Scope and Limitations of the Study
1.8       Definition of Key Concepts
1.9       Organization of Chapters

CHAPTER TWO:
LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
2.1       Introduction
2.2       The Nexus between Agriculture and Economic Development
2.2.1    Agriculture and Rural Development
2.2.2    Types of Agriculture
2.2.3    Agricultural Sub-sectors and Challenges in Nigeria
2.2.4    Factors Militating against Optimum Productivity and Maximum Profit of Agricultural Activities in Nigeria
2.2.5    The Concept of Rural Development
2.2.6    Economics of Agricultural Development
2.2.7    Strategies for Agricultural and Rural Development
2.2.8    Government Policies toward Agricultural Development in Nigeria
2.2.9    Why Government Policies on Agriculture and Rural Development Failed
2.2.10  Role of Agriculture and Industry in Economic Development
2.2.11  Role of Agriculture in the Nigerian Economy
2.2.12  Causes of Agricultural Decline in Nigeria
2.3       The Concept of Economic Development
2.3.1    Economic Development and Economic Growth
2.3.2    Measurement of Economic Development
2.4       Prospects of Agriculture to Economic Development
2.5       Review of Empirical Studies
2.6       Theoretical Framework

CHAPTER THREE:
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1       Introduction
3.2       Research Design
3.3       Population and Sample Size
3.4       Sampling Technique
3.5       Sources of Data
3.6       Method of Data Presentation and Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR:
4.1       Introduction
4.2       Historical Profile of Soba Local Government
4.3       Objectives of Local Government
4.4       Organization Structure of Soba Local Government and Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources
4.5       Inputs  Support, Extension Services and        Machinery Supplied to Farmers in Soba Local Government Area of Kaduna State
4.6       Types of Crops Grown, Methods of Farming and Production of Crops and Animals in Soba Local Government Area of Kaduna State
4.7       The  Contributions  of  Agriculture  to  Economic  Development of Soba Local Government Area of Kaduna State
4.8       Problems  of  Agricultural  Development  in  Soba  LocalGovernment  Area  of Kaduna State

CHAPTER FIVE:
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
5.1       Introduction
5.2       Presentation and Analysis of Primary Data
5.3       Presentation and Analysis of Secondary Data
5.4       Test of Hypotheses
5.5       Summary of Major Findings

CHAPTER SIX
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
6.1       Introduction
6.2       Summary
6.3       Conclusion
6.4       Recommendations
References
Appendixes




Abstract

This study focuses onthe relationship between agriculture and economic development and how agriculture has contributed toeconomic development of Soba Local Government area.In order to achieve this, we adoptedsurvey research method where we obtained data from primary sources using the instruments of questionnaire backed by interviews while secondary data were also collected from the records of the local government finance department and department of agriculture and natural resources. Data collected were presented and analyzed using tables and simple percentage while the hypotheses of the study were tested using the chi-square statistic.We found that agriculture has contributed immensely to economic development as it has been the main source of employment to many and that increasing agricultural productivity among farmers has enhanced opportunities for more income generation. The income being used by farmers has promoted health and educational status of many households as well as being a source of food and nutritional upliftment of households in the local government. We also found that lack of adequate farm inputs, microcredit scheme, use of inappropriate technology, environmental hazard including overdependence on imported agricultural food items were the major factors and problems militating against the development of agricultural productivity for economic development. We therefore recommended that mechanization of agriculture that will help improve the sector in rural areas and involve the use of modern machines and technologies such ploughs, tractors, harvesters, among others will make the sector productive and economic development-driven but government must intervene as rural farmers cannot afford these machines. We also recommended that adequate supply of farm inputs such as fertilizer, pesticides and insecticides, improved seedlings, chemicals, storage facilities among others to help in controlling pests and other diseases that can destroy agricultural produce can be useful in improving yearly productivity of farmers, increasing their incomes as well as impacting positively on their standard of living. There should be a microcredit scheme for farmers which should be at low interest rate and that local, states and federal governments should make it a policy to allocate specific percentage of its annual budget to the agricultural sector which must be strictly adheres to by successive governments.




CHAPTER ONE:


INTRODUCTION


1.1              Background to the Study


The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation opines that agriculture is an industry that produces, processes and markets food largely in response to the daily demands of consumers within a given area, town, city and metropolis, dispersed throughout the urban areas, applying intensive production methods, using and re-using natural resources and urban wastes to yield a diversity of crops and livestock (FAO, 2004). Despite the dominant of the oil sector as the major foreign exchange earnings, agriculture remains the mainstay of the Nigerian economy in addition to contributing the largest share of gross domestic product (GDP). It is the largest non

–oil export earner, the largest employer of labour and a key contributor to economic development and poverty alleviation as the large percentage of the population derive incomes from agriculture and related activities.

Agricultural sector outputs Proxied by its contribution to GD P average 50.2 percent during the period of 1960 to 1970. However, its contribution declined persistently, reaching a low of 21.8 percent in 1976 to1980 before an upward swing to 39.6 percent in 1981to 1985. The contribution increased further to 41.2 percent in 1986 to 1981 following the introduction of structural adjustment Programme (SAP) in 1986 but declined to 38.7 percent in 1991 to 1998, 40 percent and 40.4 percent in 1996 and 1998 respectively. The contribution of agriculture rose 40.0 percent in2007 and 42.1 percent in 2008 (CBN, 2000 and 2008) Over the years, the rate of growth in agricultural production has stagnated and failed to keep pace with the needs of the rapidly growing population, resulting in a progressive increase in import bills for food and industrial raw....


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