For more Civil Engineering Project click here


Title page

1.1       General
1.2       Problem Statement and Justification of Research
1.3       Aim and Objectives
1.4       Scope of the Study
1.5       Limitations of the Study

2.1       Overview
2.2       Mechanism of Stress Distribution
2.3       Elastic State
2.4       Mechanical Properties of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastic
2.5       Material Properties of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastic
2.6       Challenges in the Design of Fibre Composite Structures
2.7       Review of Existing Guidelines Design: Philosophy on FRP Reinforced Concrete Structures
2.7.1 European design guidelines
2.7.2 Japanese design guidelines
2.7.3 Canadian design guidelines
2.7.4 American design guidelines
2.8       Optimization Methods in Fibre Composite Structural Design
2.8.1 Concept of optimization
2.8.2 Structural optimization problem
2.8.3 Significance of optimization
2.8.4 Application of optimization
2.8.5 Multi-objective optimization
2.8.6 Multi-modal optimization
2.9       Design Sensitivity Analysis (DSA)
2.10 Reliability Based Design Optimization (RBDO)
2.11 Beam
2.11.1 Lateral-torsional buckling in simply supported pultruded beams
2.12 Structural Reliability

3.1       Reliability Concept
3.2       Structural Reliability Method
3.3 Limit State Functions
3.3.1 Bending criterion and applied load
3.4       Stochastic Finite Element Method
3.5       Finite Element Analysis
3.5.1 Model assumptions
3.5.2 Modeling the CFRP pultruded beam using ABAQUS 6.10-1
3.5.3 Material properties input data for models and flow chart modeling for FEM

4.1       Model Geometry Description and Loading /boundary condition on the Beam
4.2       Finite Element Analysis using ABAQUS 6.10 CAE
4.3       Stress and Deformation Pattern in Model 1
4.4       Stress and Deformation Pattern in Model 2
4.5       Stress and Deformation Pattern in Model 3
4.6       Stress and Deformation Pattern in Model 4
4.7       Stress and Deformation Pattern in Model 5
4.8       Stress and Deformation Pattern in Model 6
4.9       Reliability Result from FORM5 for Flexure Failure

5.1       Conclusion
5.2       Recommendation


Six Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) pultruded beam section from The Pultex® Pultrusion Design Manual Volume 4 - Revision 8 Copyright © 2004 by Creative Pultrusions Inc., were assumed to be simply supported doubly symmetric I-section, with uniformly distributed load of 3.5kN/m2 applied over the length of 3.050m each. A comparative analysis of section modulus effect under the load and resistance factor design (LRFD) and allowable stress design (ASD) was considered based on computer program using FORM5 and ABAQUS 6.10 CAE that was used to generate results for reliability and finite element analysis respectively. Safety indices generated for reliability analysis from FORM5 based on load and resistance factor design (LRFD) and allowable stress design (ASD) format by varying load ratio and section modulus was analyzed. The general conclusion from the results are that, the safety of all the beam section increased with increase in section modulus by average of 1.1% for both load and resistance factor design (LRFD) and allowable stress design (ASD) format. The implication of this is that, when the load and resistance factor design (LRFD) and allowable stress design (ASD) design format is employed, the reserved elastic moment of the carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP) beams are fully utilized, with the possibility of the beam reaching its full elastic moment at higher loading, hence section modulus can be reduced, that would result in lower beam section. Also for finite element analysis (FEA) considered using ABAQUS 6.10 CAE in which the stresses, displacement, strain on the carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP) pultruded beams obtained are analyzed and graphically presented and based on the design parameters, the deformation and the Von Mises stress distribution obtained indicates that, the field of high stress is only shown in Model 1 with 661.2N/mm2 which is minimal under the said load when compared to bending and tensile strength of 3300N/mm2 for carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP).


1.0                                                                     INTRODUCTION

1.1 General

Structures are designed and constructed to supply sufficient capacity against vertical and lateral load demands with the purposes of providing life safety and preventing collapse. However, many examples of catastrophic results such as failure or damage of buildings, bridge piers, etc., are seen all over the world. These can be due to intentionally or unintentionally created deficiencies during service life and lack of control that needs to be provided both at the design and construction stages (Ümit, 2007). By definition, Fibre Reinforced Plastic (FRP) is a composite of two material groups: (1) reinforcing fibre which provides the strength; and (2) polymer resin matrix such as epoxy, to bind the reinforcements together (Nanni, 1999).

During the last two decades, Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) composite materials have seen a steady increase in their applications for construction. They have been increasingly popular because of their advantages over conventional construction materials including a high strength-to-weight ratio, corrosion resistance leading to increased durability and lower maintenance costs, and their ability to be pultruded into various shapes whose mechanical properties can be custom-tailored for specific applications (Bank, 2006). However, significant barriers for wide-spread adoption still remain which include their high initial cost, the lack of understanding of their physical behaviour by practicing engineers, and the lack of a reliability based on Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) standard governing their design (Ellingwood, 2003)......

For more Civil Engineering Project click here

This is a General Thesis for both Undergraduate & Postgraduate Studies. The complete research material plus questionnaire and references can be obtained at an affordable price of N3,000 within Nigerian or its equivalent in other currencies.


Kindly pay/transfer a total sum of N3,000 into any of our Bank Accounts listed below:
·         Diamond Bank Account:
A/C Name:      Haastrup Francis
A/C No.:         0096144450

·         GTBank Account:
A/C Name:      Haastrup Francis
A/C No.:         0029938679
After payment, send your desired Project Topic, Depositor’s Name, and your Active E-Mail Address to which the material would be sent for downloading (you can request for a downloading link if you don’t have an active email address) to +2348074521866 or +2348066484965. You can as well give us a direct phone call if you wish to. Projects materials are sent in Microsoft format to your mail within 30 Minutes once payment is confirmed.

N/B:    By ordering for our material means you have read and accepted our Terms and Conditions

Terms of Use: This is an academic paper. Students should NOT copy our materials word to word, as we DO NOT encourage Plagiarism. Only use as guide in developing your original research work.

Delivery Assurance
We are trustworthy and can never SCAM you. Our success story is based on the love and fear for God plus constant referrals from our clients who have benefited from our site. We deliver project materials to your Email address within 15-30 Minutes depending on how fast your payment is acknowledged by us.

Quality Assurance
All research projects, Research Term Papers and Essays on this site are well researched, supervised and approved by lecturers who are intellectuals in their various fields of study.

Search for your topic here

To view a full list of Project Topics under your Department

Featured Post

Article: How to Write a Research Proposal

Most students and beginning researchers do not fully understand what a research proposal means, nor do they understand ...

Popular Posts