PREDICTION OF LINK RELIABILITY IN A WIRELESS MOBILE AD HOC NETWORK (MANET) DUE TO PATH LOSS EFFECTS USING WEIBULL DISTRIBUTION


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TABLE OF CONTENT

TITLE PAGE
ABSTRACT
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background
1.2 Statement of Problem
1.3 Aim and Objectives
1.4 Motivation and Justification
1.5 Methodology
1.6 Dissertation Organization

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Review of Fundamental Concepts
2.2.1    Wireless Networks
2.2.1.1 Characteristics of Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs)
2.2.2    Reliability of Telecommunications Systems
2.2.3    Reliability Distributions
2.2.3.1 Statistical Distributions
2.2.4 Reliability System Modeling Techniques
2.2.4.1 The Link Reliability Model
2.2.4.2 Reliability of Series and Parallel connections
2.2.4.3 Link Reliability
2.2.5 Path Loss
2.3       Review of Similar Works

CHAPTER THREE: MATERIALS AND METHODS
3.1       Introduction
3.2       Development of Signal Propagation Model
3.3       Development of Network Reliability Model
3.4       Development of Node Mobility Model
3.5       Development of Node Reliability Model
3.6       Development of Link Reliability Model
3.7       Implementation of the Link Reliability Algorithm
3.8       The Input Parameters

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
4.1       Introduction
4.2       Results
4.2.1 The Effect of Coverage Area on the Link Reliability
4.2.2 The Effect of Range on the MANET Link Reliability
4.2.3 The Effect of Communication Duration on the MANET Link Reliability
4.2.4 The Effect of Number of Nodes on the Link Reliability
4.3 Validation
4.3.1 Performance evaluation using link reliability and coverage area (m2)
4.3.2 Performance Evaluation using Link Reliability and Range(m)
4.3.3 Performance Evaluation using Link Reliability and Time(s)
4.3.4 Performance Evaluation using Link Reliability and Number of Nodes
4.3.5 Effect of Bandwidth on Link Reliability
4.3.6 Effect of SINR on Link Reliability

CHAPTER FIVE: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1       Introduction
5.2       Conclusion
5.3       Significant Contributions
5.4       Limitations
5.5 Recommendations for Further Work
REFERENCES
Appendix



ABSTRACT

Mobile ad-hoc networks are multi hop wireless networks comprising of a collection of wireless mobile nodes configured to communicate among each other without the aid of an existing infrastructure. They are free to move randomly and organize themselves arbitrarily. The network’s wireless topology may change rapidly or unpredictably. As a result, the link becomes unreliable leading to poor communication.This research work presents the prediction of link reliability in a wireless Mobile Ad-hoc Network (MANET) with path loss effect. The link reliability was investigated using the Weibull distribution function due to its flexibility, simplicity and reliability and was simulated using the developed MATLAB 2007Rb Graphic User Interface (GUI). The free space and two ray ground path loss models were used to study the path loss effects on the link reliability. The results obtained were validated by comparing the performance of the model with existing results. It was noticed that the developed model performed better by 7% for coverage area, 2% for range, 0.3% for number of mobile nodes at the point where attenuation factors were at maximum point. This proves the authenticity of the developed model. The network reliability was 98.70% when the bandwidth was 3000 MHz and propagation parameters were δ = 1.0 and γ = 1.0 respectively. In the case of link reliability and signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR), 99.99% of link reliability was attained which occurred when the SINR was 0.9 and propagation parameters were δ = 1.0 and γ = 1.0 respectively. The effect of SINR and bandwidth on the link reliability and the development of a user dependent Matlab GUI for the link reliability prediction are significant contributions of this research.




CHAPTER ONE


INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background

In recent past, networks have been developing at a faster pace by connecting a large number of devices from servers to micro- devices embedded in objects (Wazwaz, 2005). These devices provide services that can support a variety of applications like: environment monitoring, medical services, military applications, disaster recovery (fire, flood, earth quake etc.,), law enforcement, etc. There are many instances where the network supporting such applications are mobile wireless networks, whose necessary infrastructure support is installed either in a permanent or ad hoc manner (Wazwaz, 2005). For instance, MANET serves in situations where setup of the infra-structure based network may not be feasible or desirable because of the coverage limitations, network failures, congestion, etc. Telecommunications system reliability is of great interest and major importance to developers and customers. The ultimate goal is in improved service quality, throughput, reduced cost, delay,etc (Erickson et al.1990). The special feature of MANET such as self-organizing ability and high mobility of Mobile Nodes (MN) gives a dynamic topology. But strong linking of each MN within the coverage area distinguished it from other types of networks. New scenarios are observed where users can benefit from anywhere and at any time as a result of growth experienced in the area of MANET (Haboub & Ouzzif, 2012). The node failure in a MANET may be due to variety of reasons, for example, low transmission range, out of coverage area, atmospheric effects, physical obstacles, and limited battery life time. In other words, MN time-to-failure follows some statistical distribution. Similarly, the links between the nodes areas summed to have failed when either the distance between the nodes are beyond the specified transmission range of each node, or it may be due to mobility, interference, highly.......


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