INFLUENCE OF AGE, GENDER AND SCHOOL LOCATION ON MOTIVATION FOR OCCUPATIONAL PREFERENCE AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN AKWA IBOM STATE


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TABLE OF CONTENT

TITLE PAGE
TABLE OF CONTENT
OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS
ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background of the Study
1.2       Statement of Problem
1.3       Objectives of the Study
1.4       Research Questions
1.5       Hypotheses
1.6       Basic Assumptions
1.7       Significance of the Study
1.8       Scope and Delimitations

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEWOF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1       Introduction
2.2       Conceptual Framework
2.2.1   Concept of Motivation
2.2.2   Concept of Occupation (career and job)
2.2.3    Some Career Motivation Variables Influencing Occupational Preference
2.2.4    Relevance of Career Motivation to Occupational Preference
2.3       Factors Influencing Career Development
2.4       Theoretical Framework
2.4.1    Need Theory of Motivation
2.4.2    Theories of Occupational Preference
2.5       Empirical Review Studies
2.6       Summary

CHAPTER THREE – METHODOLOGY
3.1       Introduction
3.2       Research design
3.3       Population
3.4       Sample and sampling technique
3.5       Instrumentation
3.6       Procedure for data collection
3.7       Procedure for data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR – RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
4.1       Introduction
4.2       Demographic data
4.3       Testing of hypotheses
4.4       Summary of Major Finding
4.5       Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1       Introduction
5.2       Summary
5.3       Conclusion
5.4       Recommendations
5.5       Suggestion for further findings
References
Appendix



Abstract

The study examined the influence of age, sex, school location and motivation for occupational preference among senior secondary school students in AkwaIbom state. The sample for the study consisted of 369 drawn from fourteen (14) senior secondary schools (7 schools were located in the Urban Area, while another 7 in the rural area). The sampled size was randomly selected from a population of 9000 students. A standard instrument called motivation for occupational preference scale was used for data collection. The instrument has four variables (external influence, extrinsic reward, self-expression and people-oriented value) as motivations for occupation. The independent variables of age, sex and school location were used to test their influence on each of the motivations for occupational preference variable mentioned above. The ex-post facto design was used as a research design. The twelve (12) null hypotheses formulated were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Analysis of Variable (ANOVA) was used in testing hypotheses 1, 2, 3 and 4, while independent t-test was used in testing hypotheses 5-12. The result showed that all the null hypotheses were retained. It was found that age, gender and school location had no significant influence on motivation for occupational preference. On the basis of the finding, it was recommended that existing guidance and counseling centres in school should organize career oriented programme towards motivating students to appropriate occupations relevant to their abilities and interest.




CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION

1.1         Background to the Study

One of the most insistent series of problems confronting young people today is that of

preferring a career, preparing for it, finding a job, liking it and keeping it. Perhaps the most crucial sequence is liking the occupation since it constitute on one hand a test of rightness, and on the other hand indication of the likelihood of keeping the job. In addition since an employed person would spend most of his alert part of his life at work, liking the occupation and getting satisfaction are important motivation considerations. Motivation is a drive that energizes an individual to act, behave and take decisions. The end product of schooling life is work, ands what motivates an individual to prefer an occupation include human needs. Since human needs vary from person to person, their motivation on occupational preference would be different. In

Africa and indeed Nigeria, societies view individual‘s age with importance and associate certain developmental tasks to it. The same goes for gender (male/female), (Edet, 2010). Many studies on occupational preference, choice, aspiration etc mostly involved graduates either from secondary schools or tertiary institutions (colleges of education, polytechnics, monotechnics, and universities.) but little is known of the likely motivation that would influence senior secondary school students concerning occupation and the world of work, little wonder then why most of them readily accept any job available irrespective of their interest, potentials, needs etc. after completing school. Presently, there is an assumption that secondary school students would prefer scientific oriented occupation (medicine and surgery, nursing, pharmacy, etc) than conventional

–oriented occupation (book-keeping, agriculture etc), this is an issue because the type of occupation people engage upon determines many thing in that society, Sandra, (2002).

When an individual is stable, well-adjusted and satisfied in his or her preferred occupation, the society experiences less tension. This is because an individual‘s motives for preferring and.....


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