IMPACT OF SOME DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES ON ACADEMIC NEEDS ACHIEVEMENT AMONG UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF TWO NIGERIA UNIVERSITIES: COUNSELLING IMPLICATIONS


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page
Operational definition of terms
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background to the Study
1.2       Statement of the problem
1.3       Objectives of the Study
1.4       Research Questions
1.5       Hypotheses
1.6       Basic Assumption
1.7       Significance of the Study
1.8       Scope and delimitation of the study

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1       Introduction
2.2       Concept of Academic Needs Achievement
2.3       Concept of Demographic Variable
2.4       Gender
2.5       Location
2.6       Course of study
2.7       Measurement of Academic Needs Achievement
2.8       Academic Achievement
2.9       Academic Achievement Discourse
2.2.1    Achievement Motivation
2.2.2    Underachievement
2.2.3    Theoretical framework
2.2.4    Theory of cognitive development by jean piaget
2.2.5    Factor that influence cognitive development
2.2.6    Environmental influence on intelligence
2.2.7   Implication of cognitive theory on education
2.2.8   Social learning theory of Albert Bandura
2.2.9   Principle of social learning and personality
2.3.1   Application of social learning theory on the Nigerian situation
2.3.2    Hull need theory
2.3.3    Review Empirical studies
2.3.4    Summary

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
3.1       Introduction
3.2       Research Design
3.3       Population
3.4       Sample and Sampling Techniques
3.5       Instrumentation
3.5.1    Validity and reliability
3.5.2    Scoring Procedure
3.6       Procedure for data collection
3.7       Procedure for data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
4.1       Introduction
4.2       Analysing Research Questions
4.3       Testing of hypotheses
4.4       Summary of major findings
4.5       Discussions

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1       Introduction
5.2       Summary
5.3       Conclusion
5.4       Recommendations
5.5       Suggestion for further studies
5.6       Limitation of the study
5.7       Implication for counseling
            References
            Appendices



ABSTRACT


This study employs survey design in investigating the impact of some demographic variables on academic needs achievement among undergraduate students of the two Nigerian universities: counselling implication. The sample of the study is made of 367 undergraduate students from the two universities constituted the study, out of which 162 are from faculty of Education, 36 from faculty of Pharmacy and 60 from faculty of Law Ahmadu Bello University while 71 are from faculty Education, 14 from faculty of Pharmacy and 24 from faculty Law University of Ibadan drawn through simple random techniques. The Instrument used to collect information was an adopted Academic Needs Achievement Scale by Bakare (1977). Data collected were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The findings revealed that location of university is not a significant factor on academic needs achievement of undergraduate student in favour of Ahmadu Bello university with p value of 0.230 which is greater than alpha value of 0.05 (P =0.230 > alpha= 0.05),gender has no significant impact on the academic needs achievement of undergraduate students in favour of Ahmadu Bello University with p value of 0.809 > alpha value of 0.05(p=0.809> 0.05 ) and the course of study has significant impact on academic needs achievement undergraduate students with F-cal value of 7.618 > F- crit value of 3.021.Base on the findings of this study it was recommended that students should be taught how to learn and develop a good academic needs achievement, that male and female undergraduate students should be encourages to put more efforts and commitment to their study .




CHAPTER ONE


INTRODUCTION


1.1              Background to the Study


It is expected that any secondary school leaver proceeding to higher institution of learning must have been motivated by one reason or the other and this motivation is usually accompany with the spirit of academic need achievement, base on which a goal will be set

Having been admitted into higher institution, some demographic variables which include location, gender and course of study may influence the internal energy of such student which was earlier directed towards achieving the goal sets and such variables have the capacity to impact positively or otherwise on the academic need achievement of such students (Adeaga&Akinleke-, 2002).

Demographic variables such as location, gender and course of study play a very important role in the academic need achievement of individual student. In fact success and failure depend upon some of these variables which include Income, Location, age, gender that constitute individual personal statistics.

This point was further explained by Adeaga and Akinleke (2002) that many students do perform below expectation in their academic striving due to factors other than low intellectual capacity, stressing that such factors are demographic variables which often result in poor academic performance even among the naturally bright students.

A modern society cannot achieve its aim of economic growth, technical development and cultural achievement without harnessing talent and some demographic variables of its citizens......

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