ASSESSMENT OF PROFESSIONAL'S PERCEPTION OF KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS REQUIREMENT OF CONTRACTORS FOR MASS HOUSING CONSTRUCTION


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT
TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
1.3 JUSTIFICATION
1.4 AIM AND OBJECTIVES
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1.6 HYPOTHESES
1.7 SCOPE
1.8 LIMITATIONS

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 NIGERIAN HOUSING SECTOR (MASS HOUSING)
2.2 PERFORMANCE AND CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS
2.3 PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY GENERALLY
2.4 AN OVERVIEW OF NIGERIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY AND CONTRACTORS’ PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT
2.5 KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS FOR IMPROVING THE CONTRACTOR’S PERFORMANCE IN PROJECT DELIVERY

CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN
3.2 RESEARCH INSTRUMENT
3.2.1. Design of Questionnaire
3.2.2. Sampling Technique
3.2.3. Determination of the Sample Size
3.3 DATA COLLECTION
3.4 DATA ANALYSIS
3.4. 1.  Descriptive Analysis
3.4.2.   Inferential Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR
DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF RESULTS
4.1 RESPONSE RATE
4.2 CHARACTERISTICS OF RESPONDENTS
4. 2.1. Characteristics of Respondents
4.2.2 Respondents‘ Assessment of the Level of Importance of Contractors Knowledge and Skills Required to Perform in Mass Housing Delivery
4.2.3. Core Knowledge and Skills for Contractors‘ Performance
4.2.4 Respondents‘ Assessment of the Level of Current Proficiency of Contractors in Mass Housing Projects
4.2.5 Comparison of Level of Importance Mean and Current level of Proficiency
Table 4.9 below compared the means of level of importance and current level of proficiency of knowledge and skill required for contractors‘ performance in mass housing construction projects
4.3 DISCUSSION OF RESULTS

CHAPTER FIVE
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
5.2 CONCLUSION
5.3 RECOMMENDATIONS
REFERENCES
APPENDICES



ABSTRACT

Housing is an important indicator for determining the level of development of a society or country. Nigeria has high deficit of housing needs for her citizens and mass housing has been identified as a strategy for filling the gap. The construction of housing requires expertise from the players of the industry especially the constructors (Contractors) to ensure safe and hygienic housing. But absence of requisite knowledge and skills amongst mass housing contractors has been identified as part of the key contributors to the continuous decline in the performance of the Nigerian mass housing construction projects. This research presented findings of an exploratory study aimed at determining the key knowledge and skills required for performance of contractors in construction project delivery. A total of 200 questionnaires were distributed to Architects, Builders, Engineers, Quantity Surveyors and Project Managers working either in consultancy or client organisations. Feedback received from these professionals were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics with the aid of SPSS 16.0. Results indicated three broad categories of knowledge and skills that support performance of contractors in construction project delivery: managerial, technical and generic knowledge and skills. Twenty seven (27) identified knowledge and skills underlying the three broad categories were found to fall between moderate to high impact on contractors‘ performance with weighted mean values between 3.26-4.35. The levels of the contractors‘ proficiency in the identified knowledge and skills areas were also analysed. The result suggests knowledge and skills gap with weighted mean values between 2.68-3.37 which need to be resolved through contractors training and education. Ten (10) skills and knowledge areas were found to be core due to their high impact on contractors‘ performance; these are project management and leadership, construction technology, financial management, building code and regulations, communication, teamwork and relationship management, human resource management, creative and innovative ability , risk management, and trade-specific technical know-how. The identified core knowledge and skills was therefore recommended as the basis for contractors‘ education and training programme aimed at improving their performance in the Nigerian mass housing sector.




CHAPTER ONE


INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Housing is an important indicator of the physical, economic and social development of any nation. It is difficult to talk about the success of a nation, or a society within a nation without analyzing its housing situation. Housing is one of the best indicators of a person‘s standard of living and his or her place in the society (Nubi, 2000). Housing represents one of the most basic human needs. As a unit of the environment, it has a profound influence on the health, efficiency, social behavior, satisfaction and general welfare of the community (Onibokun 1998). Housing provides a link between the physical development of a city, and its social and economic outcomes. The availability of decent housing for each family defines the level of development which the country has reached. This is because the social and economic wealth of the country can only co-exist with good housing (Alao, 2009).

In 2005 Nigeria housing deficit is estimated to be between 12million to 14 million (Adejumo, 2008 and Oluwaluyi, 2008). According to Babade (2007), to adequately house the urban population in Nigeria, a conservative figure of 409,227 housing units should have been constructed in 1990. Due to neglect, the figure rose to 783,042 units in 1995; 1,333,176 units in the year 2000; 1,543,318 units in 2003 and 2,171,603 units in 2010. This is serious, considering the great significance of the housing sector to the Countries economy. The estimated amount required to provide for the deficit housing units is estimated at US$150-200 billion. The United Nations estimates that Nigeria‘s population to be 141 million in 2005, and predicted that it would reach 289 million by 2050 (Encarta, 2007). This means the demand and supply will continue to widen if nothing is done immediately. In order to close the deficit gap, researchers suggest that mass housing is the solution. It will provide high number of housing stock in a short time at a lower cost (Okpala, 1985; Onibokun, 1985....

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