APPRAISAL OF TOURISM HABITS OF ACADEMIC STAFF IN SELECTED UNIVERSITIES IN NIGERIA


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CHAPTER ONE

Title page
Abstract
Table of contents

CHAPTER ONE: BACKGROUND OF STUDY
1.0       Introduction
1.1       Statement of Problem
1.2       Aim
1.3       Objectives
1.4       Scope and Limitation

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0       Approaches to Tourism Behaviour Studies
2.1       Tourism Demand
2.2       Motivation and decision-making in Tourism
2.3       The Tourist as a consumer
2.4       Tourist Motives
2.5       Determinants of Tourism Habits
2.5.1    Personal and facility influences
2.5.2    Family Lifecycle
2.5.3    Gender
2.6       Tourism and Work
2.7       Social class and Income
2.8       Paid holiday Entitlement
2.9       Tourism Motivation and Segmentation
2.9.1    Segmentation by purpose of Travel
2.10     Constraints to Tourism Participation

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
3.0                   Methodology
3.1                   The Survey Tools
3.1.1                Questionnaire
3.1.2                Interviews
3.1.3                Relevant Data
3.2                   Sampling
3.2.1                Sampling Frame
3.2.2                Sample Size
3.3                   Sampling Method
3.4                   Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: TOURISM PATTERNS AND DETERMINANTS
4.1                   General Profile of Respondents
4.1.1                Age
4.1.2                Gender
4.1.3                Academic Rank
4.1                   Tourism Habits among the Staff of Universities
4.1.1                Purposes of Trips by Respondents
4.1.2                Number of Trips By Respondents in Universities
4.1.3                Duration of Trips by Respondents in Universities
4.1.4                Trip Destinations by Respondents in Universities
4.2                   Characteristics of Tourism Patterns of Academic Staff
4.2.1                Purpose of Trips
4.2.2                Frequency of Trips by Respondent
4.2.3                Destination of Trips by Respondents
4.2.4                Duration of trips by Respondents
4.3 .1               Factor that Determine Tourism Habits of Academic staff
4.3.2                Motivation as a determinant of tourism habits
4.3.3                Funding as a Determinant of tourism habits
4.3.4                Income as Determinant of Tourism Habit of Academic Staff
4.3.5                Academic Rank and Tourism Habits of Respondents
4.3.6                University Policy

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION
5.1       Summary
5.2       Recommendation
5.3       Conclusion
            References
            Appendix



ABSTRACT

The research aims at determining the factors that influence tourism travels by academic staff of selected universities with a view of identifying the constraining factors that hinders their tourism habits and making suitable recommendation to encourage participations in leisure tourism. A structured questionnaire was designed and validated and administered through cluster sampling procedure. The review of literature was made on the determinant of tourism and its related activities. The result of the analyzed data provided by the respondent revealed that academic staff were more involved in work related tripsthan leisure trips. It also revealed that academic rank has a significant influence on the frequency of travels by academic staff the study concluded with recommendation for improvement in tourism participation.




CHAPTER ONE



1.0              INTRODUCTION


The World Tourism Organisation defines tourism as “the activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leissure, business and other purposes.” This broad definition of tourism is then broken down into six categories according to the purpose of the trip: Leisure, recreation and holidays; Visiting friends and relatives: Business and professional activities; Health treatment; Religious and pilgrimages. Those that engage in tourism - i.e. tourists can also be divided into international tourists and domestic tourists and into overnight tourists and same-day visitors.

The individual tourist is believed to be influenced by the social, cultural or nationality groups that they belong to. Thus the collective value, taste, lifestyle, and characteristics of social, national or cultural groups are interpreted as instrumental in moulding individual tourist's behaviour and taste in some structured manner. (Butler, 1991); and (Holloway and Plant, 1998), suggests that there is a strong tendency for individuals to conform to the norms and values of social groups (peers, students, workmates, friends, neighbours and relations) cultural, national or regional groups in their aggregate patterns of demand for tourism products. Also, tourists' habits and participation pattern is a function of available resources; that is destination product supply tends to influence tourist's pattern....




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