AN APPRAISAL OF THE PROTECTION OF THE RIGHTS OF A CHILD IN NIGER STATE


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page
Table of Cases
Table of Statutes
Abstract
Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1
GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background to the Research
1.2       Statement of the Research Problem
1.3       Aim and Objectives of the Research
1.4       Scope of the Research
1.5       Significance of the Research
1.6       Research Methodology
1.7       Literature Review
1.8       Organizational Layout

CHAPTER 2
DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN’S RIGHT UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW
2.1       Introduction
2.2       The Rights under the United Nation Convention on the Rights of the Child 15
2.2.1    The Right to Life and Development
2.2.2    The Right to an Identity
2.2.3    Separation from Parents
2.2.4    The Right of the Child to Express Views
2.2.5    Civil Rights
2.2.6    Child Protection
2.2.7    Social Welfare
2.2.8    Protection against Exploitation
2.3       The African Charter on the Right and Welfare of the Child
2.3.1    Best Interests of a Child
2.3.2    Life, Survival and Development
2.3.3    Non-Discrimination
2.3.4    Participation
2.3.5    Nationality
2.3.6    Education
2.3.7    Disable Children
2.3.8    Health and Health Services
2.3.9    Child Labour
2.3.10 Parental Responsibility
2.3.11 Harmful Social and Cultural Practices

CHAPTER 3                                                
RIGHTS OF THE CHILD UNDER NIGERIAN LAWS
3.1       Introduction
3.2       Constitution
3.3       Criminal Code and Penal Code
3.4       Children and Young Persons Law
3.5       Child Rights Act
3.6       Child Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition) Enforcement and Administration Act
3.7       National Drug Law Enforcement Act

CHAPTER 4
ANALYSIS OF THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD UNDER THE NIGER STATE CHILD RIGHTS LAW                                
4.1       Introduction
4.2       Rights Establish under the Niger State |Child Rights Law
4.2.1    Right to Rest, Leisure, Play, Sport, Recreational Activities and Cultural Activities
4.2.2    Right to Health and Health Services
4.2.3    Rights to Parental Care, Protection and Maintenance
4.2.4    Rights to Free and Universal Basic Education
4.2.5    Right to Protection against Harm after Birth
4.2.6    Contractual Right of the Child
4.2.7    Right to Counsel
4.2.8    The Responsibilities of the Child and Parent
4.2.9    Protection against Removal of the Child from Lawful Custody
4.2.10 Protection against Child Marriage
4.2.11 Protection against Child Exploitation
4.2.12 Protection against Child Trafficking and Narcotic Drugs
4.2.13 Protection against Child Abuse

CHAPTER 5
ANALYSIS OF THE ENFORCEMENT MECHANISMS
5.1       Introduction
5.2       Specialized Children Police Unit
5.3       Establishment of Family Court
5.4       Child Rights Implementation Committee (CRIC)
5.5       Orphanage and Community Homes
5.6       Remand and Borstal Homes

CHAPTER 6
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
6.1       Summary
6.3       Findings
6.3       Recommendations
References



ABSTRACT

There are various legislations under the Nigerian legal system that seeks to protect the rights of the child. Majorly, the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria provided for human rights,
Nigerian Children’s  Trust  Fund  Act,  Penal Code,  Criminal Code,

Children and Young Persons Act, Child Rights Act, which all have provisions for the protection of a child. The guiding principle on the issue of child protection is in the best interest of the child, the Child Rights Act 2003 and Niger State Child Rights Law 2010 affirmed this principle and provided various rights for the child and the mechanism for the enforcement of these rights. However, despite the existence of these various law that provided for the protection of the rights of a child, the children’s rights are been abused on daily basis, therefore, the dissertation appraised the protection of the rights of a child in Niger State by considering the Niger State Child Rights Law, and other related legislations. The Doctrinal and Empirical research methodology were used to source for information relied upon for this dissertation. It is the findings of this dissertation that there are inconsistencies in Niger State Child Rights Law 2010, and lack of commitment on the part of government to adequately enforce the laws that protect the child. It makes recommendations to the area of the inconsistency or defect in the law and also commitment on the part of the government constituted authorities in charge of the implementation of the Child Rights Law.




CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION


1.1            Background of the Research


The general frameworks within which human rights are protected in Nigeria include the rights of a child which are in Chapter IV of the 1999 CFRN. The Rights to fair hearing and the right to life, the rights to personal liberty and the right to freedom of movement among others, Section 421 prohibits unjustifiable discrimination on basis of ethnic group, place of origin, sex, religion or political opinion2.

We have other legislations that seek to protect the rights of a child, like, Children and Young Persons Act, Criminal Code, Penal Code, Child Rights Act 2003.

In 1996, Nigeria submitted its first report on the implementation of the Child Rights Convention to the United Nation Committee on the Rights of the Child. One of the major recommendations made by the Committee was to finally ensure the domestication of the Child Rights Convention, as this is necessary for its full implementation in Nigeria...

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