AN ANALYSIS OF DOMESTIC IMPLEMENTATION OF THE KYOTO PROTOCOL ON CLIMATE CHANGE IN NIGERIA


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page
Table of Contents
Table of Statutes
Table of Abbreviations
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background to the Study
1.2       Statement of the Problem
1.3       Justification
1.4       Aims and Objectives of the Study
1.5       Scope and Limitation of the Research
1.6       Research Methodology
1.7       Literature Review
1.8       Organisational Layout

CHAPTER TWO: THE KYOTO PROTOCOL
2.1       Negotiations
2.2       Commitments
2.3       The Three Flexible Mechanism under Kyoto Protocol
2.4       The Joint Implementation
2.5       Clean Development Mechanism
2.6       Emission Trading
2.7       The Potential Legal Challenges and Uncertainty under Kyoto Protocol
2.8       The Essence of the Kyoto Protocol

CHAPTER THREE: EFFECT OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND CHALLENGES OF THE IMPLIMENTATION OF KYOTO PROTOCOL IN NIGERIA
3.1       Introduction
3.2       Evidence of Climate Change in Nigeria
3.3       Environmental Implications
3.4       Threat to the Coastal Region
3.5       Heightening of Drought and Desertification
3.6       Threat to Water Resources
3.7       Threat to Food Security and Livelihoods
3.8       Threat to Energy, Industry and Transport Sectors
3.8       The Challenges of CDM Implementation and Development in Nigeria
3.9       Complexity of Emission Trading Mechanism
3.10     Kyoto Protocol and its Economic Impacts

CHAPTER FOUR: ADAPTATION AND NATIONAL MEASURES FOR CONTROL OF CLIMATECHANGE
4.1       The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC)
4.2       The Kyoto Protocol
4.3       Bali Action Plan
4.4       Ponzan Conference 2008
4.5       The Copenhagen Conference 2009
4.6       Nigeria‟s Commitments on Climate Change Agreements
4.7       Challenges and Constraint of Adaptation and Mitigation of Climate Change Adaptation and Means of implementation
4.8       The Role of Law in Implementing an Effective Regulatory Scheme

CHAPTER FIVE: FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION
5.1       Findings
5.2       Recommendations
5.3       Conclusion
            Bibliography



ABSTRACT


The global nature of climate has become very well appreciated in the developing as well as developed world. For example, in its recent Summit in Gleneagles, Scotland, in the United Kingdom, the leaders of the G8 nations very significantly remarked that climate changed is happening now, that human activity is contributing to it, and that it could affect every part of the globe. In its resolutions, the G8 leaders noted thus “The Gleneagles plan of Action which we have agreed demonstrates our commitment. We will take measure to develop markets for clean energy technologies, to increase their availability in development countries, and to help vulnerable communities adapt to the impact of climate change.






CHAPTER ONE


INTRODUCTION


1.1              Background to the Study


Climate is the regular pattern of weather conditions of a particular place that is either mild, temperate, warm or wet. Is a general attitude or feeling an atmosphere or a situation which exists in a particular place.1 Climate includes patterns of temperature, precipitation, humidity, wind and seasons. "Climate change" affects more than just a change in the weather; it refers to seasonal changes over a long period of time. These climate patterns play a fundamental role in shaping natural ecosystems, and the human economies and cultures that depend on them.

Climate can also be defined in a narrow as well as a wider sense. Climate in a narrow sense is usually defined as the average weather or more rigorously, as the statistical description in terms of the mean and variability of relevant quantities over a period of time ranging from months to thousands of years. The classical period is three decades, as defined by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). These quantities are most often surface variables such as temperature, precipitation and wind. Climate in a wider sense is the state, including a statistical description, of the climate system.2

Climate Change on the other hand, refers to a statistical significant variation in either the mean state of the climate or in its variability, persisting for an extended period typically for decade or longer. Climate Change may be due to natural processes or extended forcing, or to persistence......


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