A FRAMEWORK FOR RURAL ROADS ACCESSIBILITY PLANNING


For more Civil Engineering Project click here



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1.3       Justification of Study
1.4       Aim and Objectives
1.5       Limitation of the Study
1.6       Scope of Study

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1       Participatory Approach and Transportation planning
2.2       Rural Accessibility and Planning
2.3       The Overall Processes of Transport Planning
2.4       Transportation Inventories
2.5 Public Engagement in Rural Transportation Planning
2.6       Steps in Transportation Planning
2.7       Collection, Compilation and Analysis of Data

CHAPTER THREE
DATA COLLECTION
3.1       Location of Study Area
3.2       Socio-economic characteristics of the Study Area
3.3       Current Status of transportation in the Study Area
3.4       Accessibility Problems in the Study Area3.5 Pilot Study3.6 Data Collection Procedure
3.6.1    Key Informant Interviews
3.6.2    Village Focus Group Discussions
3.6.3    Household Survey at Village Level
3.7       Pilot Study Results

CHAPTER FOUR
DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS OF RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
4.1       A Developed Framework for Rural Roads Accessibility Planning
4.1.1 Development of Community Base Map
4.1.2 Identification and Consultation of Key Stakeholders
4.1.3 Defining Planning Objectives
4.1.4 Defining Rural Access Needs Relating To Planning Objectives
4.1.5 Data Collection and Compilation
4.1.5.1 District Level Data
4.1.5.2 Village Level Data
4.1.5.3 Data Compilation and Analysis
4.1.5.4 Accessibility Database4.1.6 Outline of the Main Access Problems
4.1.7 Outline of the Blueprint for Tackling Rural Access Problems
4.1.8 Prioritization of Locations for Specific Interventions
4.1.9Integrating Prioritized Interventions into Existing Development Plans
4.2 Case Studies
4.2.1 Settlement
4.2.2 Village Topography
4.2.3 Key Stakeholders
4.3 Economic Foundations of the Village Economies Studied
4.4 Modal Options
4.5       Modal Ownership/Access
4.6       Wealth Differentiated Modal Access/Ownership
4.7       Travel Patterns
4.7.1    Trip Purpose
4.8       Wealth Differentiated Travel Patterns
4.9 Gender Differentiated Travel Patterns

CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1       Summary
5.2       Conclusion
5.3       Recommendation
References
Appendix 1- Questionnaire



ABSTRACT

The concept of public participation and how it can be incorporated in transport planning was studied. Current planning methods and steps were reviewed, and a tool which incorporates public participation in planning (questionnaire) was developed. This study was carried out using questionnaires that incorporate socioeconomic factors that affect transportation in the rural areas of Kaduna State. Data were collected and processed via the following: questionnaires, discussions, and interviews with the local communities. Community Masterplans were developed with GIS coordinates in Google Earth maps with precision and accuracy. Accessibility database was developed for the studied communities, using MYSQL, a computer program that manages database. A number of queries were performed which included trip frequency of females in Turunku, and the number of male travelers in Wusono with a modal option of bicycles, e.t.c. Additional accessibility indicators were determined, for example 150,600 for access to portable water supply and for other facilities like Healthcare Centers, Local Govt. Offices, e.t.c. Prioritization instructions were also updated in the community master plan. The study concluded by recommending the use of Participatory Approach to Transport Planning, and to diligently follow the necessary steps to achieve a proper and cost effective rural accessibility through participatory approach.




CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION


1.1 Background

Planning, design and construction of rural roads espeacially in the region of reference in this study is based on traditional methods mainly determined by the client and often dictated by eventualities and circumstances of funding. The appraisal process is normally based on cost-benefit analysis in some cases where international agencies and bodies like the World Bank are involved, while in others it is based on political and social considerations. However, there exist some associated problems with the current methods of planning, design and construction of rural roads, which include public acceptance, prioritization, funding/cash flow issues, resource allocation and maintenance to mention but a few. According to Riverson, et.al. (2001) rural roads investment has generally not received the correct emphasis in overall planning efforts. Resource allocation for instance, has usually been subject to ad-hoc decisions with lack of continuity, and fragmentation through separate projects. Designs often deviate from standards partly due to land availability issues and the level of priority given to such class of roads. On the other hand, construction is faced with poor workmanship by in-experienced contractors, lack of proper supervision and quality assurance programs among many other issues.

Rural roads are the tertiary road system which provides access to villages and farm lands from the main roads and various centers of activities. In developing countries like Nigeria, rural roads are termed as roads passing through rural and agricultural areas, connecting villages to main roads and/or a town/market centre. Traffic on such roads are relatively low, comprising of mixed modes of transportation like bullock carts, bicycle...


For more Civil Engineering Project click here


___________________________________________________________________________
This is a General Thesis for both Undergraduate & Postgraduate Studies. The complete research material plus questionnaire and references can be obtained at an affordable price of N3,000 within Nigerian or its equivalent in other currencies.


INSTRUCTION ON HOW TO GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

Kindly pay/transfer a total sum of N3,000 into any of our Bank Accounts listed below:
·         Diamond Bank Account:
A/C Name:      Haastrup Francis
A/C No.:         0096144450

·         GTBank Account:
A/C Name:      Haastrup Francis
A/C No.:         0029938679
After payment, send your desired Project Topic, Depositor’s Name, and your Active E-Mail Address to which the material would be sent for downloading (you can request for a downloading link if you don’t have an active email address) to +2348074521866 or +2348066484965. You can as well give us a direct phone call if you wish to. Projects materials are sent in Microsoft format to your mail within 30 Minutes once payment is confirmed.

--------------------------------------------------------
N/B:    By ordering for our material means you have read and accepted our Terms and Conditions


Terms of Use: This is an academic paper. Students should NOT copy our materials word to word, as we DO NOT encourage Plagiarism. Only use as guide in developing your original research work.

Delivery Assurance
We are trustworthy and can never SCAM you. Our success story is based on the love and fear for God plus constant referrals from our clients who have benefited from our site. We deliver project materials to your Email address within 15-30 Minutes depending on how fast your payment is acknowledged by us.

Quality Assurance
All research projects, Research Term Papers and Essays on this site are well researched, supervised and approved by lecturers who are intellectuals in their various fields of study.
Share:

Search for your topic here

To view a full list of Project Topics under your Department

Featured Post

Article: How to Write a Research Proposal

Most students and beginning researchers do not fully understand what a research proposal means, nor do they understand ...

Popular Posts