NASALISATION IN YORUBA: THE ONKO DIALECT PERSPECTIVE


For more Linguistic, Igbo and other Nigerian Language Project click here




TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page
Certification
Dedication
Tone Marking Convention
List of Abbreviations
List of Phonetic and Notational Conventions
Acknowledgements
Table of Contents
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.0       Background to the Study
1.1       Statement of the Problem
1.2       Research Objectives
1.3       Research Questions
1.4       Significance of the Study
1.5       Scope and Limitation
1.6       Theoretical Framework

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0       Introduction
2.1       Theoretical Studies
2.2       Empirical Studies
2.3       Summary

CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.0       Introduction
3.1       Area of Study
3.2       Research Design
3.3       Sampling Technique
3.4       Selection of Respondents
3.5       Instrumentation
3.6       Administration of Instrument
3.7       Method of Data Collection
3.8       Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.0       Introduction
4.1       Onko Dialect Nasalization: Data Presentation
4.1.1    Words with Prefixes
4.1.2   Disyllabic Phrases without Prefixes
4.1.3   Disyllabic Words with Prefixes
4.2       Data Analysis
4.2.1   Analysis of Words with Prefixes
4.2.2   Analysis of Phrases without Prefixes
4.2.3   Analysis of Disyllabic Words with Prefixes
4.2.4    Nasal Stability
4.2.5    Denasalization Under Deletion
4.2.6   Nasal Effacement in Onko
4.2.7    Nasalization of e/o
4.3       Autosegmental Account of Words with Multiple Nasalized Sounds

CHAPTER FIVE
Summary of Findings and Conclusion
REFERENCES
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C




ABSTRACT

This research work examines nasalization in Yoruba with particular reference to Onko dialect of the language. Nasalization in Onko is pervasive by virtue of nasal vocal quality to the extent that it has become an identification mark of any native speaker amidst speakers of other dialects of Yoruba. This is because nasality is realised on virtually all the segments in the dialect as may be noticed when one listens perceptively to a speaker during a speech event. There has neither been any rigorous research work of any kind on Onko generally nor has any indepth study done in this dialect using the non-linear approach. As such, autosegmental phonological framework was used in the analysis of nasalization in Onko. We used the Ibadan 400 List of Basic Words and unstructured oral interview method to elicit data from the native speakers of Onko. Random sampling method was used in the selection of respondents. Respondents were selected using based on their occupation. For data analysis, we adopted non-linear method of phonological analysis which is in consonance with the theories used in the research. From the analysis, the following findings were made: apart from the fact that nasalized vowels were found word initially as against their restriction to medial and final positions in standard Yoruba, vowels /e/ and /o/ earlier found incompatible with nasalization in the New Benue-Congo languages were among the five nasalized vowels in Onko. Similarly, denasalization often realized through deletion in standard Yoruba is non-existent in Onko. Besides, the direction of nasality spread which was interestingly bidirectional was accounted for by the location of the consonants which were susceptible to nasalization within a syllable as long as such consonants were not blocked by plosives or affricates. The domain of nasalization is the syllable. In addition, it is discovered that the nasalized vowels could be found word initially in the dialect as against what obtains in the standard variety of the Yoruba language. Through the bidirectional nasality spreading and a dual process of copying and spreading, we were able to account for how nasality could be derived from words having more than one nasalized sound. Suffice it to say here that the adoption of the autosegmental phonology enables us to give an objective analysis of nasality and nasalization in the Onko dialect of Yoruba. Judging from the data presented and the accompanying explicit analyses, the work indeed achieved its stated objectives by providing convincing answers to the research questions raised.





CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.0 Background to the Study

The subject of language according to Crystal (1982) has justifiably constituted an object of fascination and a subject of serious enquiry among scholars and researchers for years because of its functional dynamics. What Crystal implies from the foregoing is that the complexity of language can not be captured by a single definition; otherwise, one can very easily fall into the trap of thinking that we know all about it. But there is much more than we think. Though all speakers of a certain language can talk to each other and understand one another, yet no two speakers speak exactly alike. Beyond these individual differences, the dialect of a group of people often shows some systematic differences from that used by other groups. Speaking to one another is so much part of normal life that they often seem unremarkable. Yet, as in any scientific field, the curious investigator finds rich complexity beneath the surface.

During speech event, the standard variety of the Yoruba language will invariably depict the Onko (Oke-Ogun) speaker’s version as deviating from the rule of the standard variety. Universality of language notwithstanding, generative linguists believe that some aspects of language are not universal. It is against this backdrop that this work seeks to bring to light some salient phonological attributes like nasality and nasalization process, and their manifestation in the speech pattern of Onko speakers of the Yoruba language.

A language is composed of its dialects. Oyelaran (1978) and Adetugbo (1967 and 1982) made an important contribution to the dialectology of Yoruba. They both used sociological and linguistic evidence to classify Yoruba dialects into three major linguistic....


For more Linguistic, Igbo and other Nigerian Language Project click here


____________________________________________________________________________
This is a Ph.D Thesis and the complete research material plus questionnaire and references can be obtained at an affordable price of N4,000 within Nigeria or its equivalent in other currencies.


INSTRUCTION ON HOW TO GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

PAYMENT  OPTION 1:
Kindly pay a total sum of N4,000 into any of our Bank Accounts listed below:
·         Skye Bank Account:
A/C Name:      Haastrup Damilola
A/C No.:         1013708342

·         GTBank Account:
A/C Name:      Haastrup Francis
A/C No.:         0029938679
After payment, send your desired Project Topic, Depositor’s Name, Teller No., and your Active E-Mail Address to which the material would be sent for downloading (you can request for a downloading link if you don’t have an active email address) to +2348074521866 or +2348066484965. You can as well give us a direct phone call if you wish to. Projects materials are sent in Microsoft format to your mail within 30 Minutes once payment is confirmed.



PAYMENT  OPTION 2:
You can make an online payment here for this material:

After a successful Online Web Payment, kindly Click Here to fill the “Payment Details Form”
--------------------------------------------------------
N/B:    By ordering for our material means you have read and accepted our Terms and Conditions


Terms of Use: This is an academic paper. Students should NOT copy our materials word to word, as we DO NOT encourage Plagiarism. Only use as guide in developing your original research work.

Delivery Assurance
We are trustworthy and can never SCAM you. Our success story is based on the love and fear for God plus constant referrals from our clients who have benefited from our site. We deliver project materials to your Email address within 15-30 Minutes depending on how fast your payment is acknowledged by us.

Quality Assurance

All research projects, Research Term Papers and Essays on this site are well researched, supervised and approved by lecturers who are intellectuals in their various fields of study.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.