MIDWIVES’ AND MOTHERS’ PERCEPTION OF MIDWIVES SERVICE SCHEME IN SELECTEDAREA COUNCILS IN FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, ABUJA -NIGERIA


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Approval
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Table of contents
List of Tables
List of Figures
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background to the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Objectives of the study
Research Hypothesis
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Operational definition of terms

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Conceptual Review
Theoretical Review
Empirical Review
Summary of literature Review

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODS
Research Design
Area of Study
Population of the Study
Sample
Sampling Technique
Instrument for Data Collection
Validity of Instrument
Reliability of Instrument
Ethical Considerations
Procedure for Data Collection
Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION OF RESULTS
Return rate
Objective 1:  To assess the midwives’ perception of the implementation of MSS
Objective 2:  To determine the midwives’ view of their roles in MSS
Objective 3: To ascertain the midwives perception of  their remuneration in the MSS.
Objective 4:  To ascertain the mothers’ perception of the services of the midwives  in the MSS.
Objective 5: To determine if there is an association between the mothers’ demographics and their  perceived reason for the MSS.
Objective 6: To determine the factors perceived by Midwives as negatively influencing provisions of service MSS
Research Hypotheses: H01The mothers, parity will not Significantly influence their perception of the MSS.
Research Hypotheses: H02 There will be no significant difference in the     midwives ‘qualification and their perception of the MSS
Research Hypotheses: H03  There will be no significance difference in the midwives ‘years of service in the MSS and their  perception of the scheme.
Brief Summary for the Focus Group Discussion (FGD)
Perception of midwives as skilled birth attendants
Summary of Major Finding

CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS
Discussion of findings
Implication of the study
Limitation of the study
Suggestions for further studies
Summary of the study
Conclusions
Recommendations
REFERENCES




ABSTRACT

The importance of skilled birth attendants in the reduction of maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality worldwide cannot be over-emphasized. The midwives service scheme was established by the National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA) in collaboration with the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria in 2009 to achieve reduction in maternal, newborn and under-five mortality in Nigeria, especially in rural communities. The purpose of the study was to determine how mothers and midwives in selected Area Councils in Abuja perceive the midwives service scheme. Five objectives and three null hypotheses were raised to guide the study. Quantitative descriptive survey design was used to study the midwives’ perception while both quantitative and qualitative methods were adopted for the study of mothers’ perception. The whole MSS midwives (32) in the studied Area Councils were used for the study while a sample size of 381 mothers was drawn from the population of 1483. Two sets of researcher-developed questionnaires were used to generate data from the midwives and mothers; while eight focus group discussion sessions with 83 mothers were also used as a back-up instrument for generating data from the mothers. The instruments were certified valid and reliable, r = 0.85 and 0.89 using split half reliability test for midwives’ and mother’s questionnaire respectively. Data were administered directly to respondents by the researcher and four assistants. Objectives of the study were analysed descriptively, while one-way ANOVA and paired t-test were used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Data from the focus group discussion were analyzed thematically and findings from thematic analysis wereused to back up the findings from statistical analysis. Result showed that midwives and mothers perceived the MSS positively but factors like poor salary, lack of materials like drugs, electricity and poor attitude of health workers counted negatively against the scheme. More midwives should be recruited and the midwives’ salaries enhanced to motivate them.





CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the study

Pregnancy and childbirth are normal physiological processes that bring joyful experiences to individuals and families. However, in many parts of the world, pregnancy constitutes a perilous journey, a risky and potentially fatal experience for millions of women especially in developing countries. Over 289,000 women die annually from complications during pregnancy, childbirth, or postpartum period (World Fact book, 2014 andWHO,UNICEF,UNFPA &The World Bank 2014). About 70% of these deaths are largely treatable or at least preventable (UNICEF, 2010) and nearly all these deaths (over 90%) occur in developingcountries where fertility rates are higher and a woman’s life time risk of dying during pregnancy and childbirth is over 400 times higher than in developed countries (Audu, Takai, &Bukar, 2010).

The situation in Nigeria is especially grave as maternal mortality rateas high as630 per 100,000 live births is still recorded (World Health Organization, UNICEF & The World Bank, 2014), thus including Nigeria among the nations with the highest number of maternal deaths (WHO, 2010, National Primary Healthcare Development Agency (NPHCDA) 2009). Nigeria makes up only 1% of the total world population but accounts for about 10% of the global estimate for maternal mortality (FMOH & NPHCDA, 2010). The new-born and under-five mortality rates follow the same trend with an estimated infant mortality rate of 74/1,000 (Index Mundi, 2014).This ugly trend has been traced to deliveries being attended to by unskilled birth attendants (N&MCN Newsletter 2011 & NPHCDA, 2009).

It is against this backdrop that the Midwives Service Scheme [MSS] was initiated in 2003 by the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria (N&MCN) though originally as a mandatory service....


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