MANAGERIAL COMPETENCIES OF PRINCIPALS OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT COLLEGES IN NORTH CENTRAL, NIGERIA


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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page
Approval Page
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledgements
Table of Contents
List of Tables
List of figure
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
Statement of the Problem
Purpose of the Study
Significance of the Study
Scope of the Study
Research Questions
Research Hypotheses

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Conceptual framework
Concept of Management
Concept of Competency
Concept of Managerial Competencies
Concept of Federal Government Colleges
Concept of Principals
Theoretical Framework
Educational Leadership and Management Theory
Formal Model
Performance Theory on Competency
Peter’s Principal
Review of Empirical Studies
Summary of Literature Review

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD
Design of the study
Area of the Study
Population of the Study
Sample and sampling technique
Instrument for Data Collection
Validation of Instrument
Reliability of the instrument
Method of Data Collection
Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS

CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION OF THE FINDINGS IN
-Supervision of Instruction
-Personnel management
-Financial management
-School Plant management
-School-Community Relationship
Conclusion
Implications of the Study
Recommendations
Limitations of the Study
Suggestions for Further Studies
Summary of the Study
REFERENCES





Abstract

Federal Government Colleges were established as model schools with world class standard that will set a pace for other states and private secondary schools in Nigeria to emulate and a pride for the Nation. Unfortunately the reverse seemed to be the case in most schools because the Principals in North Central Nigeria seems not to be measuring up to expectations due to poor performances of the students in external examinations, inadequate maintenance of structures and facilities in the schools, poor motivation of staff for capacity development among others. It becomes necessary to investigate the extent to which school principals were competent in the management of Federal Government Colleges in North Central, Nigeria. Five research questions and five null hypotheses guided this study. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The total population for the study was 2060. A sample of 412 respondents representing 20% of the total population of 2060, which were made up of 24 principals, 72 vice-principals and 316 teachers drawn from the total number of 1966 teachers using random sampling technique were used. A 50-item structured competency questionnaire was developed by the researcher for the study. Three experts validated the instrument. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions, while the Analyses of Variance (ANOVA) statistics was used for testing the five null hypotheses. The overall findings of the study revealed that, to a high extent the principals were competent in; financial management and school community relationship. To a low extent the principals were competent in supervision of instruction; personnel management and school plant maintenance. It was recommended that Federal Ministry of Education should organize regular training such as conferences, seminars and in-service training to empower principals of Federal Government Colleges on skills that would make them competent in all the areas of school management where they are competent to a low extent for efficiency. Federal Ministry of Education should set up a monitoring committee apart from federal evaluators that will from time to time supervise principal’s activities to make sure that they are competent in school management to a high extent. The Federal Ministry of Education should organize competency examination to the principals before confirming them to the managerial positions. This will enhance principals’ competency in skills acquisition to a high extent and will make Federal Government Colleges to be model secondary schools worthy of emulation by other secondary schools in Nigeria.





CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

The success of any organisation be it educational institution or production industry largely depends on the ability to manage the organization efficiently by those in charge that are normally experienced, capable and competent in organizational management. Federal Government Colleges are secondary schools commonly referred to as Federal Unity Colleges for which principals are the managers. Secondary education as defined by the Federal Republic of Nigeria, in the National Policy on Education (2009) “is the edu cation that children receive after primary and before tertiary education.” In the same manner, Oshunniyi (2011) stated that secondary education is the formal education given to children and adolescence which bridges the gap between the primary and tertiary education.

Secondary education has two broad goals; the preparation of an individual for useful living within the society and for higher education. Nweke (2009) in his study stated that there are four categories of secondary schools in Nigeria; these are Federal Government Colleges that are managed by the Federal Ministry of Education; Government Secondary Schools that are managed by states government; Mission secondary schools that are owned and managed by the church; and Private secondary schools which are owned and managed by individuals and organizations. This study is focused on Federal Government Colleges which are managed by the Federal Ministry of Education....

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