A HISTORY OF SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST CHURCH IN IGBOLAND (1923 – 2010)


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page
Approval Page
Certification Page
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Abstract
List of Abbreviation
List of Figures:
List of Tables:
Table of Contents

Chapter One: Introduction
1.1       Background of the study
1.2       Statement of the problem
1.3       Purpose of the study
1.4       Significance of the study
1.5       Scope of the study
1.6       Research Methodology
1.7       Limitations
1.8       Definition of Terms

Chapter Two: Review of Related Literature

Chapter Three: A History of Seventh-day Adventist in Nigeria
3.1       The beginning of Seventh-day Adventist Missionary work in Nigeria 1913-1945
3.1.1    Seventh-day Adventist Church Missionary Work in Yorubaland
3.1.2    Seventh-day Adventist Church Missionary Work in Northern Nigeria
3.1.3    Missionary work of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Igboland: 1923-1933
3.2       The Seventh-day Adventist Church: 1934-1944
3.2.1.   A Period of Accelerated Primary and Post-primary Educational Expansion 1945-1955
3.2.2    Indigenous Leadership/challenges in Seventh-day Adventist Church in Igboland 1956-1966
3.2.3    The Church within the Civil War Era: 1967-1977
3.2.4    Adventist Health Care System: 1978-1988
3.2.5    Evangelism, Church Growth, and Education: 1989-1999
3.2.6    Conference Organization/ Reorganization Data 1923-2010
3.2.7    Seventh-day Adventist Encounter with Culture
3.3       Influence of Pentecostalism in Seventh-day Adventist Church
3.3.1    Seventh-day Adventist Church and Sabbath Churches
3.3.2    Seventh-day Adventist Church - A Cult?
3.4       Summary of the Literature Review

Chapter Four: Cultural and Religious Theatres
4.1       Igbo Cultural Context
4.2       Geographical Location of Igboland
4.3       American Religious Context
4.4       Seventh-day Adventist Global Church
4.4.1    Early Experiences that Marked the Beginning of Seventh-day Adventist Church
4.4.2   Organization and Authority 1860-1880
4.4.3    The Development of Seventh-day Adventist Theology of Mission
4.4.4    Structure of Seventh-day Adventist as an International Organization
4.4.5    Seventh-day Adventist Church Mission Statement
4.4.6    Seventh-day Adventist Church Doctrinal Beliefs
4.4.7    How to Adapt Seventh-day Adventist Beliefs to Culture
4.5       Global Evangelistic Programs and themes
4.5.1    Seventh-day Adventist Church World Statistical Evangelism Impact
4.5.2    Seventh-day Adventist Church World Membership Statistical Record as at Organization
4.6       Ellen Gould White (Harmon) and the History and Mission of Seventh-day Adventist Church
4.7       Membership into Seventh-day Adventist Church

Chapter Five

5.1       Missionary Work of Seventh-day Adventist Church Work in Igboland 1923-2010
5.1.2    Evangelistic Activities
5.2       Seventh-day Adventist Institutions in Igboland
5.3       Indigenous Leadership and Reorganizations in Seventh-day Adventist Church
5.3.1   Creation of Eastern Nigeria Union Mission
5.3.2    Membership Growth of Seventh-day Adventist Church in Igboland 1981-2010
5.4       Purpose and Functions of Seventh-day Adventist Church in Igboland
5.4.1    Methods of Gospel Propagation by Seventh-day Adventists in Igboland
5.4.2    Inhibiting Factors to the Growth of Seventh-day Adventist Church in Igboland
5.5       Effect of the Nigeria Civil War on Seventh-day Adventist Church – 1967-1977
5.6       Pentecostal influence on Seventh-day Adventist Church in Igboland
5.7.1   Pentecostal Threat to Adventism
5.8       Interactions between Seventh-day Adventists and other Christian Missions
5.8.1    Cultism and Seventh-day Adventist Church in Igboland
5.9       Future Growth of Seventh-day Adventist Church

Chapter Six: Seventh-day Adventist Church in Contemporary Nigeria
6.1       The Impact of Seventh-day Adventist Church in Igboland
6.2       Women in Seventh-day Adventist Church
6.2.1    Departmental staffing
6.3       Children’s Ministries
6.4       Role of Youth in the Seventh-day Adventist Church

Chapter Seven: Summary and Conclusion
7.1       Summary
7.2       Recommendation
7.3       Suggestions for further study
7.4       Conclusion
            References




Abstract

The Seventh-day Adventist church is a denomination that grew out of the Millerite Movement in the United States during the middle of the 19th Century. By 1861, the group and those who were with them adopted the name Seventh-day Adventist Church. In 1874 they sent their first overseas missionary to Europe by name John N. Andrews. He was sent to Switzerland. The Adventist message came to Nigeria in 1914 through David C. Babcock who began the work in Erunmu near Ibadan in Oyo State. Pastor Jesse Clifford came to Eastern Nigeria in 1923 to begin the Adventist work in Umuola, Ogbor Hill area of Aba. Today, several places in Igboland have the presence of Seventh-day Adventist Church. The methodology used in this work is the phenomenological method. It sees a thing as it presents itself. It does not judge or interpret things biassely and does not allow the subjective impression the object makes on him or her. Data were collected from text books, journals, private diaries, local church records, camp meeting reports, seminars, individual and public libraries, interviews, and internet sources. The findings in this work include: sometimes in the Adventist Church, due to the way Adventist youth have embraced Pentecostalism, worship has become so central that the doctrines of the church has become un-important, seen as being a divisive irritant. The church has interacted well with Christians of other missions since its inception in the areas of getting people Christianized, fighting against hostile rituals, planning for social, economical, political, and educational welfare of their villages and fighting against evil. The finding further reveals that the church, even though a conservative body has the problem of adapting her message to culture and finding an effective way to communicate the truth of each belief for each content. However, the church needs to galvanize all available methods including science and technology in presenting to the world relevant and biblically correct answers to life’s uncertain questions. The work concludes that the Seventh-day Adventist Church, like the Roman Catholic, the Anglican and others made a lot of impact in Igboland in her attempt to evangelize the area. The facilities (education, hospital, welfare services, and more) which the missionaries introduced in Igboland became irresistible forces that undermined the traditional religion. Christianity, which the Seventh-day Adventists share with other Christians, became a useful instrument of agent to change Igboland to a happier and better society.





CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1              Background of the Study:

The history of the Christian church, as the body of Christ, could be traceable from the

first century Apostles to the time it was inaugurated by the Holy Spirit on the Pentecost day.

Cairns (1981) states that, Christian history originates with Jesus Christ of Nazareth, the God

made man (John 1:1-3, 14). He is recognized as the founder of the church for which no other

foundation can be laid. (Mathew 18:13-16). Following this fact, the church is said to be           built

upon Him as the immovable Rock. Concerning its expansion, the great commission, as recorded

in Mathew 28:18-20 states that:

All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the father and of the son and of the Holy Spirit and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age (N.I.V).

Jesus trained his apostles who also studied him in whatever He did and commissioned

them to train others so as to continue his message in the world.


1.2              Statement of the Problem:

The very heart of Christianity and the theme of primary importance to the Seventh-day

Adventist movement as shared by other churches is to “go into the entire world and to preach the gospel to every creature” (Mark 16:15). In view of this assignment the first Seventh-day Adventist missionary from Michigan, Pastor Jesse Clifford, was sent to Igboland. He first came as a worker in the then Nigeria Union Mission of Seventh-day Adventist church, which had its headquarters in Ibadan and landed in Aba in 1923. He was connected to some Seventh-day Adventist Church believers from Sierra Leone who lived in Aba. From day to day Pastor......


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