POVERTY AND THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY

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ABSTRACT:


This research study by means of robust statistical analysis investigated the poverty situation in Nigeria and how it affects the citizens and the economy at large. This research was taken in a period of 25 years which is from 1985 – 2010. The ordinary least square method was used to investigate this work.

The empirical analysis carried out showed that the Nigerian economy has changed from a diversified economy to a mono economy because of the over dependence of the oil sector and this has resulted to the increase of poverty in Nigeria

Using the ordinary least square regression we see that there is a positive relationship between the per capital income and the GDP of the country, positive relationship between government expenditure on health and GDP but a negative relationship between government expenditure on education and unemployment and the GDP of the country.

The Nigerian government in curbing this problem of poverty has introduced many poverty alleviation policies and programmes but they have all been a failure because the implementation of these policies did not take into cognizance the masses that they are doing these policies for.


CHAPTER ONE


1.1  BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY




Poverty has many aspects of perception. Some people or most people take poverty as deprivation and deficiency. But poverty is a phenomenon which has historical, social, psychological, cultural and international dimension, these means that poverty’s definition depends on the angle the person looking at it looks at it.

As there are variations in the living standard of people round the world the same way the economic growth rates vary from one nation to another. Some countries are poor; some are fairly well off while others are rich. However as everything is relative so is poverty, what most people in the united states today see as stark poverty would be seen as luxury in some parts of Asia and Africa.

The key variables by which the poor can be singled out are: food, income, health, freedom, justice, equity etc. And all these variables mentioned above are the key challenges facing our beloved country Nigeria today. But the key challenge facing Nigeria and other developing countries is how the country can sustainably feed her population and Nigeria’s population is over 140 million people....

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This is an Undergraduate Thesis and the complete research material plus questionnaire and references can be obtained at an affordable price of N3,000 within Nigeria or its equivalent in other currencies.


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